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Full nameNiterói
Official nameThe Municipality of Niterói
Settlement typeMunicipality
Founded22 November 1573
Density (pop.)3684.4/km2 (9542.6/sq mi)
Other information
Postal Code24000-000
Area code+55 21

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Niterói (-ptniteˈɾɔj)is a municipality in the state of Rio de Janeiro, southeast region of Brazil. It has an estimated population of 487,327 inhabitants (2010) and an area of ​​129.375 km (80.4 mi) 2, being the sixth most populous city in the state and the highest Human Development Index. Integrates the Metropolitan Region of Rio de Janeiro. The city has the nicknames of Niquiti and the Smile City. Studies by the Getulio Vargas Foundation in June 2011 classified Niterói as the richest city of Brazil, owning 30.7% of the population included in class A. Considering the classes A and B, Niterói also appears in the first place, with 42.9% of the population entered in these classes. The word "Niterói" comes from the Tupi language and means water that hides.

This city was founded on November 22, 1573 by the Tupi Amerindian chief Araribóia (who later was converted to Roman Catholicism and given the Christian name of Martim Afonso, after the Portuguese explorer Martim Afonso de Sousa). It makes Niteroi the only Brazilian city to have been founded by a non-Christian, non-assimilated Brazilian Amerindian.

The Brazilian Niterói class of naval frigates is named after the city.

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