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General information
Common nameMali
Local nameRépublique du Mali  
Mali ka Fasojamana  
NameRépublique du Mali  
Mali ka Fasojamana  
Motto"Un peuple, un but, une foi"
"One people, one goal, one faith"
AnthemLe Mali
Largest cityBamako
Official languagesFrench
Vernacular languagesBambara
GovernmentSemi-presidential republic
PresidentAmadou Toumani Touré
Prime MinisterCissé Mariam Kaïdama Sidibé
from France as the Sudanese Republic, with Senegal as the Mali Federation4 April 1960
as Mali22 September 1960
Total Area478839 sq mi (1240193 km2) (24th)
Water %1.6
Population census14517176 (67th) (April 2009)
Density (pop.)11.7/km2 (215th) (30.3/sq mi)
GDP PPP$16.772 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$1,251
GDP (nominal)$9.268 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$691
Other information
Gini50.5 (1994) (high)
HDI(+) 0.371 (2007) (low) (178th)
CurrencyWest African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zoneGMT (UTC+0)
- Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+0)
Drives on theright
Calling code223

     Home | Country | Mali

Mali c-enaudio=En-us-Mali.oggˈmɑːli, officially the Republic of Mali ( , -frmaˈli), is a landlocked country in Western Africa. Mali borders Algeria on the north, Niger on the east, Burkina Faso and the Côte d'Ivoire on the south, Guinea on the south-west, and Senegal and Mauritania on the west. Its size is just over 1,240,000 km2 with a population of 14.5 million. Its capital is Bamako.

Mali consists of eight regions and its borders on the north reach deep into the middle of the Sahara, while the country's southern region, where the majority of inhabitants live, features the Niger and Sénégal rivers. The country's economic structure centers around agriculture and fishing. Some of Mali's natural resources include gold, uranium, and salt.

Present-day Mali was once part of three West African empires that controlled trans-Saharan trade: the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire (from which Mali is named), and the Songhai Empire. In the late 19th century, during the Scramble for Africa, France seized control of Mali making it a part of French Sudan. French Sudan (then known as the Sudanese Republic) joined with Senegal in 1959, achieving independence in 1960 as the Mali Federation. Shortly thereafter, following Senegal's withdrawal from the federation, the Sudanese Republic declared itself the independent Republic of Mali. After a long period of one-party rule, a 1991 coup led to the writing of a new constitution and the establishment of Mali as a democratic, multi-party state. About half the population live below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day.

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