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Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso
General information
Common nameBurkina Faso
Local nameBurkina Faso
(browse)
NameBurkina Faso
(browse)
Motto"Unité-Progrès-Justice"
("Unity, Progress, Justice")
AnthemUne Seule Nuit (French)
One Single Night Thomas Sankara
CapitalOuagadougou
Largest citycapital
Official languagesFrench
Regional languagesMòoré, Dioula (Bambara)
DemonymBurkinabé (also Burkinabè and Burkinabe)
Government
GovernmentSemi-presidential republic
PresidentBlaise Compaoré
Prime MinisterLuc-Adolphe Tiao
IndependenceIndependence
from France5 August 1960
Geography
Total Area105869 sq mi (274200.7 km2) (74th)
Water %0.146 %
Demography
Population Est.15,746,232 (61st)
Population census14017262 (2006)
Density (pop.)57.5/km2 (145th) (148.9/sq mi)
Economy
GDP PPP$19.992 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$1,360
GDP (nominal)$8.781 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$597
Other information
Gini39.5 (2007) (medium)
HDI(+) 0.389 (2007) (low) (177th)
CurrencyWest African CFA franc (XOF)
- Summer (DST)not observed (UTC)
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.bf
Calling code226

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Burkina Faso (c-enaudio=En-us-Burkina Faso also known by its short-form name Burkina is a landlocked country in west Africa. It is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north, Niger to the east, Benin to the southeast, Togo and Ghana to the south, and Côte d'Ivoire to the southwest.

Its size is 274200 km2 (274200000000 m2) with an estimated population of more than 15,757,000. Formerly called the Republic of Upper Volta, it was renamed on 4 August 1984, by President Thomas Sankara to mean "the land of upright people" in Mòoré and Dioula, the major native languages of the country. Figuratively, "Burkina" may be translated, "men of integrity," from the Mòoré language, and "Faso" means "father's house" in Dioula. The inhabitants of Burkina Faso are known as Burkinabè (c-eniconbərˈkiːnəbeɪ ).

Burkina Faso was populated between 14,000 and 5000 BC by hunter-gatherers in the country's northwestern region. Farm settlements appeared between 3600 and 2600 BC. What is now central Burkina Faso was principally composed of Mossi kingdoms. These Mossi Kingdoms would become a French protectorate in 1896. After gaining independence from France in 1960, the country underwent many governmental changes until arriving at its current form, a semi-presidential republic. The president is Blaise Compaoré.

Burkina Faso's capital is Ouagadougou. It is a member of the African Union, Community of Sahel-Saharan States,

La Francophonie, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and Economic Community of West African States.


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