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General information
Common nameMauritania
Local name 
République Islamique de Mauritanie
Republik bu Lislaamu bu Gànnaar
République Islamique de Mauritanie
Republik bu Lislaamu bu Gànnaar
Motto   (Arabic)
(English: Honor, Fraternity, Justice)
AnthemNational Anthem of Mauritania
Largest citycapital
Official languagesArabic1
GovernmentIslamic republic2
PresidentMohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
Prime MinisterMoulaye Ould Mohamed Laghdaf
from France28 November 1960
Total Area397954 sq mi (1030700.9 km2) (29th)
Water %0.03
Population Est.3069000 (135th)
Population census1864236 (1988)
Density (pop.)3.2/km2 (221st) (8.2/sq mi)
GDP PPP$6.655 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$2,093
GDP (nominal)$3.799 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$1,195
Other information
Gini39 (2000) (medium)
HDI(+) 0.520 (2007) (medium) (154th)
CurrencyOuguiya (MRO)
- Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+0)
Drives on theright
Calling code222

     Home | Country | Mauritania

Mauritania is a country in the Maghreb and West Africa. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in the west, by Western Sahara in the north, by Algeria in the northeast, by Mali in the east and southeast, and by Senegal in the southwest. It is named after the ancient Berber Kingdom of Mauretania, which later became a province of the Roman Empire, even though the modern state covers a territory far to the southwest of the old kingdom. The capital and largest city is Nouakchott, located on the Atlantic coast.

The government of Mauritania was overthrown on 6 August 2008, in a military coup d'état led by General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz. On 16 April 2009, General Aziz resigned from the military to run for president in the 19 July elections, which he won. In Mauritania about 20% of the population live on less than US$1.25 per day.

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