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Lake Michigan

Lake Michigan
Lake information
NameLake Michigan
LocationUnited States
GroupGreat Lakes
Basin countriesUnited States
Geography
Max. length307 mi (494.1 km)
Max. width118 mi (189.9 km)
Surface area22300 sqmi (57756.7 km2)
Average depth279 ft (85 m)
Max. depth923 ft (281.3 m)
Water volume1180 cmi (359.7 km3)
Residence time99 years
Shore length1638 mi (2636.1 km)
Surface elevation577 ft (175.9 m)
Islands in lakessee list
Settlementssee #Cities

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Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America and the only one located entirely within the United States. It is the second largest of the Great Lakes by volume and the third largest by surface area, after Lake Superior and Lake Huron (and is slightly smaller than the US state of West Virginia). Hydrologically, the lake is a large bay of Lake Michigan-Huron, having the same surface elevation as Lake Huron (among other shared properties). It is bounded, from west to east, by the U.S. states of Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan. The word "Michigan" originally referred to the lake itself, and is believed to come from the Ojibwa word mishigami meaning "great water".


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