AskBiography Logo   Latest News  Follow Us on Twitter  Follow Us on Google Buzz  Became Fan - Facebook  Subscribe to RSSRSS   Bookmark and Share

First Opium War

First Opium War
The Nemesis destroying Chinese war junks during the Second Battle of Chuenpee, 7 January 1841
Military Conflict
ConflictFirst Opium War
Date18 March 1839 � 29 August 1842
ResultBritish victory; Treaty of Nanking
Hong Kong Island ceded to the United Kingdom
UK United Kingdom * British East India Company
Qing Dynasty
Lord Palmerston,
Charles Elliot,
George Elliot,
James Bremer,
Hugh Gough,
Henry Pottinger,
William Parker
Daoguang Emperor,
Lin Zexu,
Guan Tianpei (KIA),
Yang Fang
19,000 troops 
Unknown total
69 killed,
451 wounded
18,000 � 20,000 casualties

     Home | Military Conflict | First Opium War

The First Anglo-Chinese War (1839 - 42), known popularly as the First Opium War or simply the Opium War, was fought between the United Kingdom and the Qing Dynasty of China over their conflicting viewpoints on diplomatic relations, trade, and the administration of justice. Chinese officials wished to stop what was perceived as an outflow of silver and to control the spread of opium, and confiscated supplies of opium from British traders. The British government, though not denying China's right to control imports, objected to this seizure and used its newly developed military power to enforce violent redress. In 1842, the Treaty of Nanking-the first of what the Chinese later called the unequal treaties-granted an indemnity to Britain, the opening of five treaty ports, and the cession of Hong Kong Island, thereby ending the trade monopoly of the Canton System. The failure of the treaty to satisfy British goals of improved trade and diplomatic relations led to the Second Opium War (1856 � 60). The war is now considered in China as the beginning of modern Chinese history.

Warning: simplexml_load_file( [function.simplexml-load-file]: failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.0 410 Gone in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 257

Warning: simplexml_load_file() [function.simplexml-load-file]: I/O warning : failed to load external entity "" in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 257

Fatal error: Call to a member function children() on a non-object in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 260