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Full nameHanoi
Native nameThành phố Hà Nội
Central cityHanoi
Founded, Capital of the Đại Việt1010
Capital of VietnamSeptember 2, 1945
Party's Secretary (Bí thư Thành ủy)Phạm Quang Nghị
People's Council's President (Chủ tịch Hội đồng Nhân Dân)Ngô Thị Doãn Thanh
People's Committee's President (Chủ tịch Ủy ban Nhân Dân)Nguyễn Thế Thảo
Total Area1291.1 sq mi (3344.7 km2)
Urban Area71.9 sq mi (186.22 km2)
Total Population6500000 (2nd in Vietnam) (2009)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneICT (UTC+7)

     Home | City | Hanoi

Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Nội, ), is the capital of Vietnam and the country's second largest city. It has an estimated population nearly 6.5 million (2009), (but only 2.6 million (2009) in urban areas). From 1010 until 1802, it was the most important political centre of Vietnam. It was eclipsed by Huế during the Nguyễn dynasty as the capital of Vietnam, but Hanoi served as the capital of French Indochina from 1902 to 1954. From 1954 to 1976, it was the capital of North Vietnam.

The city is located on the right bank of the Red River. Hanoi is located at 1760 km (1093.6 mi) north of Ho Chi Minh City.

October 2010 officially marked 1000 years since the establishment of the city. On this occasion, Hanoi was named by Frommer's travel guide as one of the world's "Top Destinations 2010".

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