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Elliot Richardson

Personal data
Date of birthJuly 20, 1920
Place of birthBoston, Massachusetts, United States
Date of deathDecember 31, 1999(age 79)
Place of deathBoston, Massachusetts, United States
Resting placeArlington National Cemetery Arlington, Virginia
Political partyRepublican
SpouseAnne Francis Hazard Richardson (1929 1999)
Alma materHarvard University
ReligionUnitarian
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Army
Years of service1942 1945
RankFirst Lieutenant
Unit4th Infantry Division (Medical Corps)
Battles/warsWorld War II
AwardsPurple Heart
24th United States Secretary of Commerce
In officeFebruary 2, 1976 - January 20, 1977
PresidentGerald Ford
Succeeded byJuanita M. Kreps
Preceded byRogers Morton
69th United States Attorney General
In officeMay 25 - October 20, 1973
PresidentRichard Nixon
Succeeded byWilliam B. Saxbe
Robert Bork (acting)
Preceded byRichard Kleindienst
11th United States Secretary of Defense
In officeJanuary 30 - May 24, 1973
PresidentRichard Nixon
DeputyBill Clements
Succeeded byJames R. Schlesinger
Preceded byMelvin Laird
9th United States Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare
In officeJune 24, 1970 - January 29, 1973
PresidentRichard Nixon
Succeeded byCaspar Weinberger
Preceded byRobert Finch
25th Under Secretary of State
In officeJanuary 23, 1969 - June 23, 1970
PresidentRichard Nixon
Succeeded byJohn N. Irwin II
Preceded byNicholas Katzenbach
22ndUnited States Ambassador to the United Kingdom
In office1975 - 1976
PresidentGerald Ford
Succeeded byAnne Armstrong
Preceded byWalter H. Annenberg
62nd Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts
In officeJanuary 7, 1965 - January 1967
GovernorJohn A. Volpe
Succeeded byFrancis W. Sargent
Preceded byFrancis X. Bellotti
53rd Massachusetts Attorney General
In officeJanuary 1967 - January 1969
GovernorJohn A. Volpe
Succeeded byRobert H. Quinn
Preceded byEdward T. Martin

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Elliot Lee Richardson (July 20, 1920 - December 31, 1999) was an American lawyer and politician who was a member of the cabinet of Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. As U.S. Attorney General, he was a prominent figure in the Watergate Scandal, and resigned rather than refuse President Nixon's order to fire special prosecutor Archibald Cox.

Richardson is the only individual to serve in four Cabinet-level positions within the United States government: Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare from 1970 to 1973, Secretary of Defense from January to May 1973, Attorney General from May 24 to October 1973, and Secretary of Commerce from 1976 to 1977.


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