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Robert Gates

Robert Gates
Personal data
Date of birthSeptember 25, 1943(age 73)
Place of birthWichita, Kansas
Political partyRepublican Party
SpouseBecky Gates
Alma materCollege of William and Mary (B.A.)
Indiana University (M.A.)
Georgetown University (Ph.D.)
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Air Force
Years of service1967 1969
RankSecond Lieutenant
22nd United States Secretary of Defense
In officeDecember 18, 2006 - July 1, 2011
PresidentGeorge W. Bush
Barack Obama
DeputyGordon England
William Lynn
Succeeded byLeon Panetta
Preceded byDonald Rumsfeld
22nd President of Texas A&M University
In officeAugust 1, 2002 - December 16, 2006
Succeeded byEddie J. Davis
Preceded byRay M. Bowen
15th Director of Central Intelligence
In officeNovember 6, 1991 - January 20, 1993
PresidentGeorge H. W. Bush
DeputyRichard Kerr
Bill Studeman
Succeeded byJames Woolsey
Preceded byWilliam Webster
Deputy National Security Advisor
In officeMarch 20, 1989 - November 6, 1991
PresidentGeorge H. W. Bush
Succeeded byJonathan Howe
Preceded byJohn Negroponte
16th Deputy Director of Central Intelligence
In officeApril 18, 1986 - March 20, 1989
PresidentRonald Reagan
George H. W. Bush
Succeeded byRichard Kerr
Preceded byJohn McMahon

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Robert Michael Gates (born September 25, 1943) is a retired civil servant and university president who served as the 22nd United States Secretary of Defense from 2006 to 2011. Prior to this, Gates served for 26 years in the Central Intelligence Agency and the National Security Council, and under President George H. W. Bush as Director of Central Intelligence. Immediately after being recruited by the CIA, he also served as an officer in the United States Air Force. After leaving the CIA, Gates became president of Texas A&M University and was a member of several corporate boards. Gates also served as a member of the Iraq Study Group, the bipartisan commission co-chaired by James A. Baker III and Lee H. Hamilton, that has studied the Iraq War. He was also the first pick to serve as the first Director of National Intelligence (DNI), but he declined the appointment in order to remain President of Texas A&M University.

Gates accepted the nomination for Secretary of Defense on November 8, 2006, replacing Donald Rumsfeld. He was confirmed with bipartisan support. In a 2007 profile written by former National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski, Time named Gates one of the year's most influential people. In 2008, Gates was named one of America's Best Leaders by U.S. News & World Report. He continued to serve as Secretary of Defense in President Barack Obama's administration. Gates announced in August 2010 that he planned to retire in 2011, and President Barack Obama announced in April 2011 that he would be replaced by CIA director Leon Panetta. “He’ll be remembered for making us aware of the danger of over-reliance on military intervention as an instrument of American foreign policy,” said former Senator David L. Boren. Gates was presented the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian award, by President Obama during his retirement ceremony. On September 6th, 2011, Gates was named to be 24th Chancellor of The College of William and Mary; he succeeds Sandra Day O'Connor upon the completion of her term in February, 2012.

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