El Escorial
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El Escorial

A distant view of El Real Monasterio de El Escorial
NameEl Real Monasterio de El Escorial
CaptionA distant view of El Real Monasterio de El Escorial
LocmapinSpain Madrid
Map CaptionLocation of El Escorial within Madrid
Lat Degrees40
Lat Minutes34
Lat Seconds54.3
Lat DirectionN
Long Degrees4
Long Minutes07
Long Seconds35.1
Long DirectionW
Coord Formatdms
Coord Parametersregion:ES-M_type:landmark
LocationSan Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain
ArchitectJuan Bautista de Toledo
Governing BodyMinistry of the Presidency
Designation1 OffnameMonastery and Site of the Escorial, Madrid
Designation1 Date1984 (8th session)
Designation1 Number318
Designation1 Criteriai, ii, iv
Designation1 TypeCultural
Designation1 Free1nameState Party
Designation1 Free1valueSpain
Designation1 Free2nameRegion
Designation1 Free2valueEurope and North America
Designation2 OffnameMonasterio de San Lorenzo
Designation2 TypeReal property
Designation2 CriteriaMonument
Designation2 Date3 June 1931
Designation2 Number(R.I.) - 51 - 0001064 - 00000

     Home | World Heritage Site | El Escorial

El Escorial is a historical residence of the king of Spain, in the town of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, about 45 kilometres (28 miles) northwest of the Spanish capital, Madrid. It is one of the Spanish royal sites and functions as a monastery, royal palace, museum, and school.

El Escorial comprises two architectural complexes of great historical and cultural significance: El Real Monasterio de El Escorial itself and La Granjilla de La Fresneda, a royal hunting lodge and monastic retreat about five kilometres away. These sites have a dual nature; that is to say, during the 16th and 17th centuries, they were places in which the temporal power of the Spanish monarchy and the ecclesiastical predominance of the Roman Catholic religion in Spain found a common architectural manifestation. El Escorial was, at once, a monastery and a Spanish royal palace. Originally a property of the Hieronymite monks, it is now a monastery of the Order of Saint Augustine.

Philip II of Spain, reacting to the Protestant Reformation sweeping through Europe during the 16th century, devoted much of his lengthy reign (1556 � 1598) and much of his seemingly inexhaustible supply of New World gold to stemming the Protestant tide. His protracted efforts were, in the long run, partly successful; however, the same counter-reformational impulse had a much more benign expression thirty years earlier in Philip's decision to build the complex at El Escorial.

Philip engaged the Spanish architect, Juan Bautista de Toledo, to be his collaborator in the design of El Escorial. Juan Bautista had spent the greater part of his career in Rome, where he had worked on the basilica of St. Peter's, and in Naples, where he had served the king's viceroy, whose recommendation brought him to the king's attention. Philip appointed him architect-royal in 1559, and together they designed El Escorial as a monument to Spain's role as a center of the Christian world.

On November 2, 1984, UNESCO declared The Royal Site of San Lorenzo of El Escorial a World Heritage Site. It is an extremely popular tourist attraction, often visited by day-trippers from Madrid - more than 500,000 visitors come to El Escorial every year.

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“Semana de la Biblioteca” en San Lorenzo de El Escorial - Diario de la Sierra Tweet this news
Diario de la Sierra--Con motivo de la celebración del Día de la Biblioteca el domingo 24 de octubre, el Ayuntamiento de San Lorenzo de -El Escorial- a través de sus bibliotecas ... - Date : Mon, 18 Oct 2010 12:27:27 GMT+00:00
San Lorenzo: Convocadas las ayudas para el abono transporte - Diario de la Sierra Tweet this news
Diario de la Sierra--Un a簽om獺s, el Ayuntamiento de San Lorenzo de -El Escorial-, a trav矇s de la Concejal穩a de Juventud, vuelve a convocar las Ayudas para el abono transporte ... - Date : Mon, 18 Oct 2010 12:23:01 GMT+00:00
El Gobierno blindó el Valle de los Caídos para abrir las criptas - El Periódico de Catalunya Tweet this news
El Periódico de Catalunya--Entrada de la basílica del Valle de los Caídos, en -El Escorial-. archivo / agustín catalán La revista explica que, habitualmente, el complejo está custodiado ... - Date : Mon, 18 Oct 2010 01:03:51 GMT+00:00
Excursión gastronómica a El Escorial - El Digital de Madrid Tweet this news
El Digital de Madrid---...- La Ferroviaria, La Villa, Los Cántaros, Parada y Fonda y El Salón son los diez restaurantes participantes en esta edición convirtiendo a -El Escorial- en ... - Date : Sun, 17 Oct 2010 00:03:51 GMT+00:00
Hoy empiezan las terceras Jornadas Gastronómicas, que se celebrarán hasta el ... - El Faro del Guadarrama Tweet this news
El Faro del Guadarrama--Hoy comienza la tercera edición de las Jornadas Gastronómicas de -El Escorial-, que se celebrarán hasta el día 24, con la participación de 10 restaurantes: ... - Date : Thu, 14 Oct 2010 22:30:20 GMT+00:00
Las obras del Ensanche de El Escorial se adjudicarán a finales de octubre - Madridiario Tweet this news
Madridiario--a adjudicación de las obras de infraestructuras del nuevo proyecto urbanístico en la localidad madrileña de -El Escorial- se producirá a finales de este mes, ... - Date : Sat, 09 Oct 2010 15:09:44 GMT+00:00

Royal sites of the Patrimonio Nacional

PalacesRoyal Palace of Madrid * Royal Seat of San Lorenzo de El Escorial * Royal Palace of El Pardo (Palace of Zarzuela) * Royal Palace of Aranjuez * Royal Palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso * Royal Palace of Riofrío * Royal Alcázares: Upper Apartments * Royal Palace of La Almudaina
MonasteriesConvent of Las Descalzas Reales * Royal Convent of La Encarnación * Royal Convent of Santa Clara * Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas * Benedictine Abbey of Santa Cruz del Valle de los Caídos
OtherCasita del Príncipe * Casita del Infante * Pantheon of Illustrious Men * Convent of San Pascual * Convent of Santa Isabel * Colegio de Doncellas Nobles

World Heritage Sites in Spain

North West|North West |
North EastCaves of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spainup|1 * Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon * Pyrénées - Mont Perduup|2 * Rock-Art on the Iberian Peninsulaup|1 * Route of Santiago de Compostelaup|1 * San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries * Vizcaya Bridge
Community of MadridAranjuez Cultural Landscape * El Escorial * University and Historic Precinct of Alcalá de Henares
CentreArchaeological Ensemble of Mérida * Archaeological Site of Atapuerca * Ávila with its Extra-mural Churches * Burgos Cathedral * Cáceres * Cuenca * Las Médulas * Rock-Art on the Iberian Peninsulaup|1 * Route of Santiago de Compostelaup|1 * Salamanca * Santa María de Guadalupe * Segovia and its Aqueduct * Toledo
EastArchaeological Ensemble of Tárraco (Tarragona) * Catalan Romanesque Churches of the Vall de Boí * Ibiza (Biodiversity and Culture) * Palau de la Música Catalana and * Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona * Palmeral of Elche * Poblet Monastery * Rock-Art on the Iberian Peninsulaup|1 * Silk Exchange in Valencia * Works of Antoni Gaudí
SouthAlhambra, Generalife and Albayzín * Cathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias, Seville * Córdoba * Doñana * Renaissance Monuments of Úbeda and Baeza * Rock-Art on the Iberian Peninsulaup|1
Canary IslandsGarajonay * San Cristóbal de La Laguna * Teide National Park

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