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Full nameAceh
Native name langid
Mottoपञ्चचित Pancacita (Sanskrit)
(Five Goals)
CapitalBanda Aceh
GovernorIrwandi Yusuf
Total Area22143.1 sq mi (57365.57 km2)
Total Population3930000 (2000)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Ethnic groupsAcehnese (50%), Javanese (16%), Gayo Lut (7%), Gayo Luwes (5%), Alas (4%), Singkil (3%), Simeulu (2%)
ReligionIslam (98.6%), Christianity (0.7%), Hinduism (0.08%), Buddhism (0.55%)
LanguagesIndonesian (official), Acehnese
Other information
Time zoneWIB (UTC+7) (UTC)

     Home | Indonesian province | Aceh

Aceh (pronounced -xxʔaˈtɕɛh, generally anglicized as -enˈɑːtʃeɪ) is a special territory (daerah istimewa) of Indonesia, located on the northern tip of the island of Sumatra. Its full name is Daerah Istimewa Aceh (1959 � 2001) Nanggroë Aceh Darussalam (2001 � 2009) and Aceh (2009 � Present). Past spellings of its name include Acheh, Atjeh and Achin. The Aceh province has the highest proportion of Muslims in the country with regional levels of Sharia law.

It is thought to have been in Aceh where Islam was first established in Southeast Asia. In the early seventeenth century the Sultanate of Aceh was the most wealthy, powerful and cultivated state in the Malacca Straits region. Aceh has a history of political independence and fierce resistance to control by outsiders, including the former Dutch colonists and the Indonesian government. Aceh has substantial natural resources, including oil and natural gas - some estimates put Aceh gas reserves as being the largest in the world. Relative to most of Indonesia, it is a religiously conservative area.

Aceh was the closest point of land to the epicenter of the massive 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, which triggered a tsunami that devastated much of the western coast of the region, including part of the capital of Banda Aceh. 226,000 Indonesians were killed or went missing in the disaster, and approximately 500,000 were left homeless, with these casualties particularly pronounced in Aceh. This event helped trigger the peace agreement between the government of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement (GAM), mediated by former Finnish president Martti Ahtisaari, with the signing of a MoU on August 15, 2005. With the assistance of the European Union through the Aceh monitoring mission as of December 2005, the peace has held. It is close to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands of India and separated from them by the Andaman Sea.

Aceh Video

A video montage capturing the devastation of Tsunami in Aceh, Indonesia, December 2004.
1.77 min. | 4.02 user rating
This Video From Translate From lulimoody "I understand him a little bit, at first he said that he´s really happy to be there and he´s having a special moment and then, he said something like that they are in a very long trip of 20 hours and everyone is a little bit tired... i hope i get it well hehe" From Eduardoguimaraes "He says Olaa :P I'm very happy to be here, it's a very special moment for me , I've been here like you all. It's obvious I can't do this individuals :S for you all because today it's been a hard day. 20 hours of flight. I'm very tired .... etc"
0.55 min. | 4.85 user rating
First day of earthquake and tsunami in Banda Acheh Bencana Gempa dan Tsunami di Banda Aceh hari pertama. credited to Aneuk Yatim Seunusôn Uleh Krueng Teupasoe Bak: 18 March, 2005 -------------------------------------------- Penggubah / Penyanyi : Rafly (Kande) Deungo lon kisah saboh riwayat Kisah baro that...baro that di Acheh Raya Lam karu Acheh..Acheh Timu ngon Barat ngon Barat Di saboh teumpat...teumpat meunoe calitra Na sidroe aneuk jimoe siat at Lam jiep jiep saat saat dua ngon poma Ditanyong bak ma bak ma ayah jinoe pat..jinoe pat? Dilon rindu that...rindu that keuneuk eu rupa Meunyo mantong hudep meupat alamat Ulon jak seutot ..jak seutot oh watee raya Meunyo ka meuninggai..meuninggai Meupat keuh jeurat ..oh jeurat Lon keuneuk jak siat ...jak siat loun baca do'a Udep di poma oh tan le Ayah Lon jak tueng upah tueng upah Lon bri bu gata Ka naseb tanyo geutanyo Kehendak bak Allah..bak Allah Adak pih susah... susah tetap loun saba Seubut le poma...aneuk meutuah Keheundak bak Allah..bak Allah geutanyoe saba Bek putoh asa ..hai asa cobaan Allah..Ya Allah Saba ngon tabah ..ngon tabah dudoe bahgia.. Talakee do`a ..taniet bak Allah Ubee musibah..musibah bek lee trok teuka Acheh beu aman..beu aman bek lee ro darah Seuramoe Meukah..Meukah beu kong agama.
8.47 min. | 4.73 user rating
0.98 min. | 3.16 user rating
Bencana Tsunami di Aceh 2005. Visual ini diambil dari metrotv.
4.55 min. | 4.76 user rating
lihat dan perhatikan baik-baik bentuka awannya.. terlihat menyerupai mata!!
1.25 min. | 4.11 user rating
Following the 2004 Tsunami, Rahmati lost everything in Banda Aceh, Indonesia. Slowly, she's been able to rebuild her life with the help of loans from Mitra Dhuafa, an MFI working with Grameen Foundation.
2.75 min. | 5.0 user rating
Chris Roberts reports live from Banda Aceh, Sumatra, Indonesia on the aftermath of the Asian Tsunami disaster of December 26th 2004. 9 Days later and Aid agencies were doing their best to deal with a situation on such a huge scale. We met one Aid Worker and asked him how things were going at this very early stage,
4.98 min. | 4.73 user rating
High quality video of the tsunami of 12-26-2004 and before and after sattelite photos of the banda aceh coast.
7.05 min. | 4.36 user rating
arm contact between indoesian police and gam in pidie district about 122 km from banda aceh. video i made during martial law imposed in the province
3.98 min. | 4.35 user rating

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Arun faces options for survival after no more gas - Jakarta Post Tweet this news
Jakarta Post--“We are now thinking about the future of Arun after -Aceh- does not produce any more gas. This is so urgent because we only have three years left to set ... - Date : Mon, 01 Nov 2010 04:02:54 GMT+00:00
Foreign aid welcome for reconstruction - Jakarta Post Tweet this news
Jakarta Post--“Indonesia is recognized as a nation that can achieve accountability through its achievement in the reconstruction of -Aceh-,” he said. ... - Date : Mon, 01 Nov 2010 02:20:57 GMT+00:00

The peace agreement and first local elections :
Name Capital Est. Statute Area (km2)
Aceh Besar Regency Jantho 1956 UU 24/1956
West Aceh Regency Meulaboh 1956 UU 24/1956  
Southwest Aceh Regency Blangpidie 2002 UU 4/2002  
Aceh Jaya Regency Calang 2002 UU 4/2002  
South Aceh Regency Tapaktuan 1956 UU 24/1956  
Aceh Singkil Regency Singkil 1999 UU 14/1999  
Aceh Tamiang Regency Karang Baru 2002 UU 4/2002  
Central Aceh Regency Takengon 1956 UU 24/1956  
Southeast Aceh Regency Kutacane 1974 UU 7/1974  
East Aceh Regency Idi Rayeuk 1956 UU 24/1956  
North Aceh Regency Lhoksukon 1956 UU 24/1956  
Bener Meriah Regency Simpang Tiga Redelong 2003 UU 41/2003  
Bireuen Regency Bireuen 1999 UU 48/1999  
Gayo Lues Regency Blangkejeren 2002 UU 4/2002  
Nagan Raya Regency Suka Makmue 2002 UU 4/2002  
Pidie Regency Sigli 1956 UU 24/1956  
Pidie Jaya Regency Meureudu 2007 UU 7/2007  
Simeulue Regency Sinabang 1999 UU 48/1999  
Banda Aceh * 1956 UU 24/1956
Langsa ** 2001 UU 3/2001  
Lhokseumawe ** 2001 UU 2/2001  
Sabang **
Subulussalam ** 2007 UU 8/2007  

The peace agreement and first local elections :
Sector (% Aceh GDP) 2003 2004 2005 2006
Agriculture and fisheries 17.0 20.0 21.4 21.2
Oil, Gas and Mining 36.1 30.4 26.2 24.9
Manufacturing Industries 20.2 18.3 15.9 14.3
Electricity and Water Supply 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Building / Construction 3.4 3.8 3.5 5.1
Trade, hotels and restaurants 11.2 12.0 14.3 15.0
Transport & Communication 3.3 3.8 4.8 5.2
Banking & other Financial 0.9 1.2 1.2 1.3
Services 7.8 10.4 12.7 12.9

Regencies and cities of Aceh


Aceh Besar * Aceh Jaya * Aceh Singkil * Aceh Tamiang * Bener Meriah * Bireuen * Central Aceh * East Aceh * Gayo Lues * Nagan Raya * North Aceh * Pidie * Pidie Jaya * Simeulue * South Aceh * Southeast Aceh * Southwest Aceh * West Aceh


Banda Aceh * Langsa * Lhokseumawe * Sabang * Subulussalam

Provinces of Indonesia

SumateraAceh * North Sumatra * West Sumatra * Bengkulu * Riau * Riau Islands * Jambi * South Sumatra * Lampung * Bangka-Belitung Islands
JawaJakarta * West Java * Banten * Central Java * Yogyakarta * East Java
KalimantanWest Kalimantan * Central Kalimantan * South Kalimantan * East Kalimantan
Nusa TenggaraBali * West Nusa Tenggara * East Nusa Tenggara
SulawesiWest Sulawesi * North Sulawesi * Central Sulawesi * South Sulawesi * South East Sulawesi * Gorontalo
MalukuMaluku * North Maluku
PapuaWest Papua * Papua

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