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General information
Common nameVanuatu
Local name Ripablik blong Vanuatu   
République de Vanuatu   
Name Ripablik blong Vanuatu   
République de Vanuatu   
Motto"Long God yumi stanap"  
(In God we stand)
Anthem"Yumi, Yumi, Yumi 
("We, We, We")
CapitalPort Vila
Largest cityPort Vila
Official languagesBislama
DemonymNi-Vanuatu; Vanuatuan
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
PresidentIolu Abil
Prime MinisterSato Kilman
IndependenceIndependence (from France and the United Kingdom)
Date30 July 1980
Total Area12190 km2 (4706.6 sqmi) sq mi (31572.1 km2) (161st)
Population Est.224,564 (July 2011 est.)
Population census243304 (2009)
Density (pop.)19.7/km2 (188th) (51/sq mi)
GDP PPP$1.216 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$5,500 (2010 est.)
GDP (nominal)$721 million (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$2,835
Other information
HDI(+)0.693 (2004) (medium) (126th)
CurrencyVanuatu vatu (VUV)
Time zoneVUT (Vanuatu Time) (UTC+11)
Drives on theright
Calling code678

     Home | Country | Vanuatu

Vanuatu (Bislama -xxvanuaˈtu; English -enˌvɑːnuːˈɑːtuːen-us-Vanuatu, officially the Republic of Vanuatu ( , Bislama: Ripablik blong Vanuatu), is an island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean. The archipelago, which is of volcanic origin, is some 1750 km (1087.4 mi) east of northern Australia, 500 km (310.7 mi) northeast of New Caledonia, west of Fiji, and southeast of the Solomon Islands, near New Guinea.

Vanuatu was first inhabited by Melanesian people. Europeans discovered the islands in 1605 with the arrival of a Spanish expedition led by Fernandes de Queirós in Espiritu Santo. In the 1880s France and the United Kingdom claimed parts of the country, and in 1906 they agreed on a framework for jointly managing the archipelago as the New Hebrides through a British-French Condominium. An independence movement arose in the 1970s, and the Republic of Vanuatu was created in 1980.

The nation's name was derived from the word vanua ("land" or "home"), which occurs in several Austronesian languages, and the word tu ("stand"). Together the two words indicated the independent status of the new nation.

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