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Solomon Islands

Solomon Islands
General information
Common namethe Solomon Islands
Motto"To Lead is to Serve"
AnthemGod Save Our Solomon Islands
Largest citycapital
Official languagesEnglish
DemonymSolomon Islander
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy and parliamentary system
MonarchElizabeth II
Governor GeneralFrank Kabui
Prime MinisterDanny Philip
from the United Kingdom7 July 1978
Total Area10965 sq mi (28399.4 km2) (142nd)
Water %3.2%
Population Est.523000 (170th)
Density (pop.)18.1/km2 (189th) (46.9/sq mi)
GDP PPP$1.514 billion (2009)
GDP (PPP) per capita$2,818
GDP (nominal)$657 million (2009)
GDP (nominal) per capita$1,223
Other information
HDI(+) 0.610 (2007) (medium) (135th)
CurrencySolomon Islands dollar (SBD)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+677

     Home | Country | Solomon Islands

Solomon Islands (-enˈsɒləmən ˈaɪləndzen-us-Solomon Islands is a sovereign state in Oceania, east of Papua New Guinea, consisting of nearly one thousand islands. It covers a land mass of . The capital, Honiara, is located on the island of Guadalcanal. The nation of the Solomon Islands is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.

The Solomon Islands are believed to have been inhabited by Melanesian people for many thousands of years. Spanish navigator Alvaro de Mendaña was the first European to arrive in Solomon islands in 1568 and named them Islas Salomon. The United Kingdom established a protectorate over the Solomon Islands in 1893. In the Second World War there was fierce fighting between the Americans and the Japanese in the Solomon Islands campaign of 1942 � 45, including the Battle of Guadalcanal.

Self-government was achieved in 1976 and independence two years later. The Solomon Islands is a constitutional monarchy with the Queen of the Solomon Islands, at present Elizabeth II, as the head of state. Danny Philip is the tenth and current Prime Minister of the Solomon Islands. He was elected in August 2010.

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