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Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic

Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
Native NameУкраїнська Радянська Соціалістична Республіка
Украинская Советская Социалистическая Республика
Conventional Long NameUkrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
Common NameUkraine
Ukrainian SSR
RegionEastern Europe
EraRussian Civil War, WWII, Cold War
Year Start1919
Year End1991
Date Start10 March
Date End25 December
Event EndFormalized
Event StartRepublic declared
Event1Admitted to USSR
Date Event130 December 1922
Event2Annexation of Western Ukraine
Date Event215 November 1939
Event3UN Membership
Date Event324 October 1945
Event4Independence Act
Date Event424 August 1991
P1Second Polish Republic
Flag P1Flag of Poland.svg
P3Ukrainian People's Republic
Flag P3Flag_of_Ukrainian_People's_Republic_1917.svg
P4Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina
Flag P4Flag of Romania.svg
P2Crimean Oblast
Flag P2Flag of Russian SFSR.svg
Flag S1Flag of Ukraine.svg
Image FlagFlag of Ukrainian SSR.svg
FlagFlag of Ukrainian SSR
Image CoatCoat of arms of Ukrainian SSR.svg
Symbol TypeCoat of arms
Image Map CaptionThe Ukrainian SSR as part of the Soviet Union.
National MottoПролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! (Ukrainian)
Proletari vsikh krayin, yednaitesia! (transliteration)
"Workers of the world, unite!"
National AnthemГімн Української РСР (Ukrainian)
Anthem of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
Political Subdiv25 provinces, 1 city
CapitalKharkiv (1919 � 1934)
Kiev (1934 � 1991)
Common LanguagesUkrainian, Russian
Government TypeSocialist republic
Title LeaderFirst Secretary
Title DeputyPresident 
Leader1Stanislav Hurenko
Year Leader11990-1991 (last)
Deputy1Leonid Kravchuk
Year Deputy11990-1991
LegislatureVerkhovna Rada
ReligionSecular state
Stat Pop151706746
Stat Year11989 census
Stat Area1603700
CurrencySoviet karbovanets

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The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic or in short, the Ukrainian SSR ( ; ; See Name section) was one of the fifteen constituent republics of the Soviet Union lasting from its inception in 1922 (the Ukrainian SSR was formally established in 1919) to the breakup in 1991. Although the Ukrainian SSR was a founding member of the United Nations formed after the end of World War II, it practically had no say in its foreign affairs, which was tightly controlled by Moscow authorities. Upon the Soviet Union's dissolution, the Ukrainian SSR ceased to exist, and the modern nation-state of Ukraine was established.

Throughout its 72-year history, the republic's borders changed many times, with a significant portion of what is now Western Ukraine being annexed by Soviet forces in 1939 and the addition of formerly Russian Crimea in 1954. From the start, the eastern city of Kharkiv served as the republic's capital. However, in 1934, the seat of government was subsequently moved to the city of Kiev, which remained the capital of newly-independent Ukraine.

Geographically, the Ukrainian SSR was situated in Eastern Europe to the north of the Black Sea, bordered by the Soviet republics of Moldova, Belarus, and Russia. The Ukrainian SSR's border with Czechoslovakia formed the Soviet Union's western-most border point. With the Soviet Census of 1989, the republic's population consisted of 51,706,746 inhabitants, although the population would fall sharply after the breakup of the Soviet Union.

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