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Tohono O'odham

Tohono Oodham
Carlos Rios, a Tohono O'Odham headman, before 1907, photo by Edward Curtis
Ethnic group
GroupTohono O'odham
Population date20000
Significant populationsUnited States (Arizona)
Mexico (Sonora)

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The Tohono O'odham are a group of aboriginal Americans who reside primarily in the Sonoran Desert of the southeastern Arizona and northwest Mexico. "Tohono O'odham" means "Desert People." Although they were previously known as the Papago, they have largely rejected this name (meaning literally "tepary-bean eater"), which was applied to them by conquistadores, who had heard them called this by other Piman bands who are very competitive with the Tohono O'odham. The term Papago derives from Babawĭ O'odham, that with time became Papago. bawĭ is the word for tepary bean in the O'odham language, Babawĭ the plural.

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