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Surabaya

Administration
Full nameSurabaya
Official nameSurabaya
Native nameSuroboyo
MottoSparkling Surabaya, Heroes' City
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceEast Java
SettledMay 31, 1293
Government
MayorTri Rismaharini
Vice MayorBambang Dwi Hartono
Geography
Total Area144.7 sq mi (374.78 km2)
Metro Area696.8 sq mi (1805.08 km2)
Elevation16.4 ft (5 m)
Demography
Total Population2765908 (2010 Indonesia Census)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Metro (pop.)5622259
Other information
Time zoneWIB (UTC+7)

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Surabaya (pronounced -maysurəˈbaja) (formerly Soerabaia or Surabaja) is Indonesia's second-largest city with a population of over 2.7 million (5.6 million in the metropolitan area), and the capital of the province of East Java. It is located on the northern shore of eastern Java at the mouth of the Mas River and along the edge of the Madura Strait.

To Indonesians, it is known as "the city of heroes" due to the importance of the Battle of Surabaya in galvanizing Indonesian and international support for Indonesian independence during the Indonesian National Revolution.


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