Subaru 1000
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Subaru 1000

Vehicle information
Production1966 - 1969
PredecessorSubaru 1500
SuccessorSubaru Leone
Body style2-door sedan
4-door sedan
2- and four-door station wagon
LayoutFF layout
Engine977 cc F4, 55 hp
Wheelbase2420 mm (95.3 in)
Length3930 mm (154.7 in)
Width1480 mm (58.3 in)
Height1390 mm (54.7 in)
Weight670 - 695 kg (26.4 - 27.4 )

Subaru 1000

Vehicle information
Also calledSubaru 1300G, FF-1 G
SuccessorSubaru Leone
Body style2-door Sedan
4-door Sedan
5-door wagon
LayoutFront-engine Front Wheel Drive
Front-engine Four Wheel Drive
Engine1.1L/1.3L Subaru EA engine
TransmissionFour Speed Manual
Wheelbase95.7 in (2431 mm)
Length155.0 in (3937 mm)
Width58.3 in (1481 mm)
Height54.7 in (1389 mm)
Weight1460 lb (662.2 kg)
Fuel capacity8.5 usgal (32.2 L ; 7.1 impgal)

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The Subaru 1000 was the first front wheel drive Subaru produced by Fuji Heavy Industries that was in the Japanese government "compact car" classification starting in 1966. Previous Subaru models such as the Subaru 360 and the Sambar had been rear engined, rear wheel drive kei cars.

It was the first production Subaru to use a boxer engine.

In 1960, Subaru management decided to introduce a successor to the prototype Subaru 1500 with a new code name "A-5" with a four-cycle air-cooled horizontally-opposed four-cylinder engine displacing 1500 cc, driving the front wheels in a compact car platform. It was to have a double wishbone front suspension. Due to FHI's limited resources, the car wasn't produced. The Subaru 360 was selling at the time but Subaru wanted a car that could comfortably carry four passengers without a cramped compartment, that would appear to be an alternative to the Corolla and the Sunny. Subaru also wanted to reduce engine noise by placing the engine up front and improve interior space by implementing front wheel drive, thereby eliminating a centrally mounted drive shaft powering the rear wheels, and utilizing an independent suspension at all four wheels.

In 1963, Subaru tried again, with a new project code "A-4", with a smaller 923cc engine, front wheel drive, and an overall length of 3885 mm (153 in), a wheelbase of 2400 mm (94.5 in), a front wheel width of 1230 mm (48.4 in) and a rear wheel width of 1220 mm (48 in), weighing 500 kg (1102.3 lb). It made it towards production status and was changed to production code "A-63" and was eventually introduced as the Subaru 1000. To address space efficiency and a quiet operation with minimal vibration, the engine was developed as a water-cooled engine instead of the original intent of air-cooled in the "A-5" concept.

The Subaru 1000 was formally introduced on October 21 1965 at the Hilton Hotel Tokyo, now known as the Hotel Tokyu Capitol. It was shown at the 12th Tokyo Motor Show Sunday October 29 later that year. It was available for purchase May 14 1966 with a national release in Japan in October 1966. Its model code was A522. The two-door sedan, model A512 was introduced February 15 1967, with a four-door van released September 14 1967.

These cars featured a unique water-cooled, horizontally-opposed four-cylinder engine, with overhead valves operated by pushrods. Subaru engineers examined Porsche, Volkswagen and even Chevrolet Corvair and thought it would be nice if this type of engine is combined with front wheel drive system. The neck in proceeding the mechanism was the vibrations from universal joints, but in collaboration with the bearing maker Toyo Bearing (now known as NTN), the epoch-making "double offset joint" was invented. Modern Subarus still make use of horizontally opposed four-cylinder engines, albeit of a much greater capacity and with more modern overhead cam-driven valves.

As was typical of early front wheel drive cars, the 1000 featured inboard drum brakes up front to reduce unsprung suspension weight and an easier implementation of an independent front suspension (but atypically Subaru would retain this unusual design into the seventies). Other unique features of the 1000 were a lack of a heater core, the heating system took its warmth directly from the radiator, and a hybrid suspension system that used torsion bars in combination with coil springs (much like the front suspension of the Subaru 360).

The 1000 was superseded by the 1100 (also known as the Subaru FF-1 Star in the United States and in other export markets) at the start of the seventies.

By March 1969, Subaru had produced over 4,000 units as an alternative to the Toyota Corolla series KE10 and the Nissan Sunny series B10.

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Wind, heat whip Columbus wildfire to 1000 acres - The Missoulian Tweet this news
The Missoulian--Their -Subaru- hatchback was packed up with the bare essentials - clothes, a computer hard drive and a few other items - while the couple waited to hear if ... - Date : Sun, 22 Aug 2010 08:14:59 GMT+00:00
Woof! Dogs can be a dangerous distraction, too - (blog) Tweet this news (blog)--Manufacturers such as Honda, -Subaru-, and Volvo offer special equipment packages on some models to help keep your pet safety contained. ... - Date : Thu, 19 Aug 2010 19:41:04 GMT+00:00
Perthshire-built car bids to become Europe's fastest - Perthshire Advertiser Tweet this news
Perthshire Advertiser--The -Subaru- Impreza, which has been stripped back to its shell and fitted with a three-litre engine with twin-turbo, is set to cover a quarter mile in around ... - Date : Wed, 18 Aug 2010 08:02:29 GMT+00:00
Road Test: 2010 Subaru Tribeca Limited - National Post Tweet this news
National Post--With the -1000- or so kilometres I put on the SUV, I'm able to report on just about every driving situation. For example, I had the opportunity to test the ... - Date : Fri, 13 Aug 2010 16:32:13 GMT+00:00
Ten of the Best - Fast Porsches and Fast Drivers apply here - Tweet this news used to compete in the -Subaru- team and qualified for the handling event this year as a non-point scoring invite car in my GT3. ... - Date : Tue, 10 Aug 2010 22:32:37 GMT+00:00
Nothing but good news out of GM these days - (blog) Tweet this news (blog)--After the loss of former participants like Mitsubishi and -Subaru- a few years ago, the WRC looked to be heading in the same direction as F1. ... - Date : Fri, 13 Aug 2010 12:06:30 GMT+00:00
2011 Subaru Impreza STI Price - ZerCustoms Tweet this news
ZerCustoms--The 2011 -Subaru- Impreza STI price for the 4-door sedan starts at 33995 USD which is -1000- USD less than the hatch, although we're not sure the reason behind ... - Date : Mon, 26 Jul 2010 12:29:00 GMT+00:00
J.D. Power and Associates Reports: Providing a Highly Satisfying Experience ... - MarketWatch (press release) Tweet this news
MarketWatch (press release)--Included in the study but not ranked due to small sample size are: Bank of America; Lexus Financial Services; -Subaru- Motors Finance; and Wachovia Dealer ... - Date : Thu, 29 Jul 2010 13:11:48 GMT+00:00
• Tick…tick…tick… to the Subaru Kalahari Race challenge - Sunday Standard Tweet this news
Sunday Standard---...- the Toyota -1000- Dessert Race has been moved all the way to September, outdoor sports fanatics are still in for a treat, what with the -Subaru- Kalahari ... - Date : Mon, 19 Jul 2010 06:51:23 GMT+00:00
The mud on the Tribeca is my fault - Edmonton Journal Tweet this news
Edmonton Journal--The 2010 -Subaru- Tribeca was full of surprises -- both on and off the road -- during a fishing trip near ... - Date : Fri, 23 Jul 2010 07:20:48 GMT+00:00

Type 1990s 2000s 2010s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
Kei car Rex Vivio Pleo Pleo
R1 (RJ)
R2 (RC) Lucra
Kei truck
Sambar / Domingo Sambar Dias Wagon (Daihatsu Atrai)
Subcompact Justy KA Justy GM M platform Justy HT51S Justy M310S
Compact Leone/Loyale AC/AG/AN Leone delivery van Y10 Leone delivery van Y11
Impreza GC/GF/GM Impreza GD/GG Impreza GE/GH/GR
Mid-size Legacy BC/BF/BJ Legacy BD/BG/BK Legacy BE/BH Legacy BL/BP Legacy BM
Sports coupé XT AX SVX CX
Compact MPV Traviq GM T platform Exiga YA
Crossover/SUV Forester SF Forester SG Forester SH
Outback BG Outback BH Outback BP Outback BR
Tribeca WX
Current Dex * Exiga * Forester * Impreza * Legacy * Lucra * Outback * Pleo * R1 * Sambar * Stella * TransCare * Tribeca
Engines EA * EE * EF * EG * EJ * EK * EL * EN * EZ * AVCS * i-AVLS
Historic 1500 * 360 * 1000 * Alcyone XT * Alcyone SVX * Baja * BRAT * FF-1 G * FF-1 Star * Justy * Leone * Sumo / Libero / Domingo / Columbuss (Europe) * R-2 * R2 (Modern) * Rex * Traviq * Vivio
Concept Subaru B11S * G4e * B5 TPH * B9 Scrambler * R1e

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