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São Tomé and Príncipe

Sao Tome and Principe
General information
Common nameSão Tomé and Príncipe
Local nameRepública Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe
NameRepública Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe
MottoUnidade, Disciplina, Trabalho
Portuguese: "Unity, Discipline, Work"
AnthemIndependência total
"Total Independence"
CapitalSão Tomé
Largest citycapital
Official languagesPortuguese
Regional languagesForro, Angolar, Principense
GovernmentDemocratic semi-presidential Republic
PresidentManuel Pinto da Costa
Prime MinisterPatrice Trovoada
from Portugal12 July 1975
Total Area372 sq mi (963.5 km2) (183rd)
Water %0
Population Est.163000 (188th)
Density (pop.)169.1/km2 (69th) (438.2/sq mi)
GDP PPP$311 million (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$1,880
GDP (nominal)$196 million (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$1,183
Other information
HDI(+) 0.488 (2010) (medium) (127th)
CurrencyDobra (STD)
Time zoneUTC (UTC+0)
Drives on theright
Calling code239

     Home | Country | Sao Tome and Principe

São Tomé and Príncipe, officially the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, is a Portuguese-speaking island nation in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa. It consists of two islands: São Tomé and Príncipe, located about 140 km (87 mi) apart and about 250 and 225 km (155.3 and 139.8 mi ), respectively, off the northwestern coast of Gabon. Both islands are part of an extinct volcanic mountain range. São Tomé, the sizable southern island, is situated just north of the equator. It was named in honour of Saint Thomas by Portuguese explorers who arrived at the island on his feast day.

With a population of 163,000 (2010), São Tomé and Príncipe is the second-smallest African country (the Seychelles being the smallest). It is the smallest country in the world in terms of population that is not a former British overseas territory, a former United States trusteeship, or one of the European microstates. It is also the smallest Portuguese-speaking country.

The name in Portuguese, São Tomé e Príncipe, is pronounced -ptsɐ̃w̃ tuˈmɛ i ˈpɾĩsɨpɨ. Pronunciation of São Tomé and Príncipe in English varies, with dictionaries citing the most common pronunciations as c-enˌsaʊ_toʊˈmeɪ_ən_ˈprɪnsɨpə and c-enˌsaʊ_tɒˈmeɪ_ənd_ˈprɪnsɨpeɪ .

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