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San Diego

San Diego California
Full nameSan Diego
Official nameCity of San Diego
Settlement typeCity
MottoSemper Vigilans (Latin for "Ever Vigilant")
CountryUnited States
CountySan Diego
FoundedJuly 16, 1769
IncorporatedMarch 27, 1850
BodySan Diego City Council
MayorJerry Sanders
City AttorneyJan Goldsmith
City Council members
Sherri Lightner
• Kevin Faulconer
Todd Gloria
• Tony Young
Carl DeMaio
• Lori Zapf
• Marti Emerald
• David Alvarez
Total Area372.398 sq mi (964.5 km2)
Land Area325.188 sq mi (842.2 km2)
Water Area47.210 sq mi (122.3 km2)
Elevation72 400 ft (21.9 m)
Total Population1301617 (1st in San Diego County
2nd in California
8th in the United States) (Census 2010)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Metro (pop.)3095313
DemonymSan Diegan
Other information
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
- Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code92101-92117, 92119-92124, 92126-92140, 92142, 92145, 92147, 92149-92155, 92158-92172, 92174-92177, 92179, 92182, 92184, 92186, 92187, 92190-92199
Area code619, 858
FIPS code66000
GNIS feature ID1661377

     Home | City | San Diego California

San Diego c-enˌsæn_diːˈeɪɡoʊ is the eighth-largest city in the United States and second-largest city in California. The city is located on the coast of the Pacific Ocean in Southern California, immediately adjacent to the Mexican border. The birthplace of California, San Diego is known for its mild year-round climate, its natural deep-water harbor, and its long association with the U.S. Navy. The population was 1,301,617 at the 2010 census.

Historically home to the Kumeyaay people, San Diego was the first site visited by Europeans on what is now the West Coast of the United States. Upon landing in San Diego Bay in 1542, Juan Cabrillo claimed the entire area for Spain, forming the basis for the settlement of Alta California 200 years later. The Presidio and Mission of San Diego, founded in 1769, were the first European settlement in what is now California. In 1821, San Diego became part of newly independent Mexico, and in 1850, became part of the United States following the Mexican-American War and the admission of California to the union.

The city is the county seat of San Diego County and is the economic center of the San Diego Carlsbad San Marcos metropolitan area as well as the San Diego Tijuana metropolitan area. San Diego's main economic engines are military and defense-related activities, tourism, international trade, and manufacturing. The presence of the University of California, San Diego (UCSD), with the affiliated UCSD Medical Center, has helped make the area a center of research in biotechnology.

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