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Northern Cyprus

Northern Cyprus
General information
Common nameNorthern Cyprus
Local nameKuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti
NameKuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti
Independence March
CapitalNicosia ( )
Official languagesTurkish
DemonymTurkish Cypriot
PresidentDerviş Eroğlu
Prime MinisterIrsen Küçük
IndependenceIndependence (from Cyprus)
Proclaimed15 November 1983
RecognitionBy Turkey only
Total Area1295 sq mi (3354.1 km2) (174th if ranked)
Water %2.7
Population census287856 (2010 (proj.))
Density (pop.)86.1/km2 (116th) (223/sq mi)
GDP (nominal)$3.6 billion (2007)
GDP (nominal) per capita$14,765
Other information
CurrencyTurkish lira1 (TRY)
Time zoneEET (UTC+2)
- Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on theleft
Internet or .tr, wide use of .cc
Calling code+90 (+90-392 for TRNC)

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Northern Cyprus or North Cyprus ( ), officially the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) ( (KKTC)), is a de facto independent state located in the northern portion of the island of Cyprus. Tensions between the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot populations culminated in 1974 with a coup d'état, an attempt to annex the island to Greece and a military invasion by Turkey in response. All these factors resulted in a partitioning of the island, the resettlement of many of its inhabitants, and a unilateral declaration of independence by the north in 1983. Northern Cyprus has received diplomatic recognition only from Turkey, upon which it is dependent for economic, political and military support. The rest of the international community, including the United Nations and the European Union, recognises the de jure sovereignty of the Republic of Cyprus over the entire island.

Northern Cyprus extends from the tip of the Karpass Peninsula (Cape Apostolos Andreas) in the north east, westward to Morphou Bay and Cape Kormakitis (the Kokkina/Erenköy exclave marks the westernmost extent of the area), and southward to the village of Louroujina/Akıncılar. A buffer zone under the control of the United Nations stretches between Northern Cyprus and the rest of the island and divides Nicosia, the island's largest city and capital of both states.

Attempts to reach a solution to the dispute have so far been unsuccessful. In 2004, a fifth revision of the UN Annan Plan to settle the Cyprus dispute was accepted by a majority of Turkish Cypriots in a referendum, but rejected by a majority of Greek Cypriots. The Turkish Army maintains a large force in Northern Cyprus with its presence supported and approved by the local government, whereas the Republic of Cyprus and the international community regard it as an illegal occupation force with its presence denounced in several United Nations Security Council resolutions.

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