: For the Italian town, see: Nicosia, Sicily. Also see: Nicosia (disambiguation).
Nicosia (-enˌnɪkəˈsiːəIPA ) from , known locally as Lefkosia ( , ), is the capital and largest city on Cyprus, as well as its main business center. Nicosia is the only divided capital in the world, with the southern and the northern portions divided by a Green Line. It is located near the center of the island, on the banks of the Pedieos River.
Nicosia is the capital and seat of government of the Republic of Cyprus, which is considered as the sole legitimate Government of the island by the international community
The population of the southern part of the city is 315,400 and of the northern part is 84,893 in 2006.
Despite the division Nicosia has managed to become a sophisticated and cosmopolitan city, rich in history and culture that combines its historic past with the amenities of a modern city.
Through the years Nicosia has established itself as the island's financial capital and its main international business centre. Nicosia is consistently ranked as one of the richest cities in the world in per capita income terms.
In the past few years Nicosia has seen remarkable progress regarding its infrastructure with the most remarkable being the central Eleftheria square currently in progress.