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Mauritius

Mauritius
General information
Common nameMauritius
Local nameRepublik Moris
République de Maurice
NameRepublik Moris
République de Maurice
Motto"Stella Clavisque Maris Indici" (Latin)
"Star and Key of the Indian Ocean"
Anthem"Motherland"
CapitalPort Louis
Official languagesEnglish
VernacularMauritian Creole, French, English, Rodriguan Creole
DemonymMauritian
Government
GovernmentParliamentary republic
PresidentSir Anerood Jugnauth
Prime MinisterNavinchandra Ramgoolam
LegislatureParliament
Lower HouseNational Assembly
IndependenceIndependence (from the United Kingdom)
Date12 March 1968
Republic12 March 1992
Geography
Total Area787 sq mi (2038.3 km2) (179th)
Water %0.05
Demography
Population Est.1286340 (151st)
Population census1179137 (2000)
Density (pop.)631.7/km2 (18th) (1636.5/sq mi)
Economy
GDP PPP$19.008 billion (2011)
GDP (PPP) per capita$14,746
GDP (nominal)$10.299 billion (2011)
GDP (nominal) per capita$7,989
Other information
HDI(+) 0.701 (2010) (high) (72nd)
CurrencyMauritian rupee (MUR)
Time zoneMUT (UTC+4)
Date formatsdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on theleft
Internet TLD.mu
Calling code230

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Mauritius c-enaudio=En-us-Mauritius.oggməˈrɪʃəs (Mauritian Creole: Moris; , -frmɔˈʁispron), officially the Republic of Mauritius (Mauritian Creole: Republik Moris; ) is an island nation off the southeast coast of the African continent in the southwest Indian Ocean, about 900 km (559.2 mi) east of Madagascar. In addition to the island of Mauritius, the Republic includes the islands of Cargados Carajos, Rodrigues and the Agalega Islands. Mauritius Island is part of the Mascarene Islands, with the French island of Réunion 200 km (124.3 mi) to the southwest and the island of Rodrigues 570 km (354.2 mi) to the northeast. Mauritius's area is 2040 km2; its capital city is Port Louis.

The British took control of the islands during the Napoleonic Wars, and Mauritius became independent from the UK in 1968. It is a parliamentary republic and is a member of the Southern African Development Community, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, the African Union, La Francophonie and the Commonwealth of Nations. Mauritius has an upper middle income economy.

The main languages spoken in Mauritius are Mauritian Creole, French and English. English is the only official language but the lingua franca is Mauritian Creole and the newspapers and television programmes are usually in French. Rodriguan Creole is a minority language and is spoken in certain parts of the country only. The country is composed of several ethnicities, including Indian, African, Chinese and French. The first European explorers found no indigenous people living on the island.

The island of Mauritius is renowned for having been the only known home of the dodo. This bird was an easy prey to settlers due to its weight and inability to fly, and became extinct fewer than eighty years after the initial European colonization.

Mauritius Video

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3.52 min. | 4.70 user rating
Big JCB open day by MECOM in Mauritius. www.eruption-studio.com Video by MAMBA and ERUPTION STUDIO.
1.80 min. | 3.95 user rating
This is the first part of the Qawwali video(Allah Hoo Allah Hoo by Marhoom Nusrath Fateh Ali Khan) . The audio clip can be downloaded from the link given bel...
9.88 min. | 4.62 user rating
Alain Ramanisum - Li Tourner Paroles: Dans tou fiesta li kass dan tas Si li na pa la na pa ena nissa Sirtout kan line fini bambam Sa so life li kontent tamta...
4.07 min. | 4.81 user rating
To set this song as your Hellotunes, click here : https://www.vodafone.in/vas/lifestyle/pages/callertunes.aspx?cti=2545492&rti=12 Producer : Shree Venkatesh ...
5.02 min. | 4.27 user rating
Mating giant turtles.
0.85 min. | 4.59 user rating
To set this song as your Hellotunes, click here : https://www.vodafone.in/vas/lifestyle/pages/callertunes.aspx?cti=11128674&rti=12 Music: Jeet Ganguly Singer...
3.67 min. | 4.39 user rating
If you're a fan of peace and love, then you might consider moving to one of these 10 demilitarized countries. Where else to find All Time 10s... Facebook: ht...
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Film : Paglu 2 Starring : Dev, Koel Mallick Producer : Surinder Films Presenter: Nispal Singh Director: Sujit Mondol Music: Jeet Ganguly Singers : Zubeen Gar...
3.42 min. | 4.20 user rating

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Mauritius Stocks Advance Most in Two Weeks, Led by MCB - Bloomberg Tweet this news
Bloomberg---Mauritian- stocks advanced the most in two weeks, led by the -Mauritius- Commercial Bank, the Indian Ocean island's biggest lender by market value. The 37-member SEMDEX index climbed for a second day, ... - Date : Fri, 22 Apr 2011 09:16:50 GMT+00:00
Mauritius First-Quarter Tourist Arrivals Rise 5.1%, Agency Says - Bloomberg Tweet this news
Bloomberg---Mauritius's- tourism arrivals for the first quarter of this year rose 5.1 percent to 262626 visitors compared with a year earlier, led by France, the -Mauritius- Tourism Promotion Authority said. ... - Date : Fri, 22 Apr 2011 08:26:37 GMT+00:00
Mauritius Eyes Technology as Economic Pillar, l'Express Reports - Bloomberg Tweet this news
Bloomberg--Information and communication technology is poised to become the first pillar of the -Mauritian- economy by 2015, l'Express reported, citing ICT Minister Tassarajen Pillay Chedumbrum. ... - Date : Fri, 22 Apr 2011 08:37:06 GMT+00:00
Hat Trick Theatre presenting Broadway play 'Mauritius' - Tbo.com Tweet this news
Tbo.com--Rusty Gillespie, left, Robb Lee, Thom McColgan, Megan Perry and Joanna Sycz will perform in Hat Trick Theatre's production of "-Mauritius-" at the Dempsey Arts Center in Shady Hills opens tonight, April 22, and runs through - Date : Fri, 22 Apr 2011 04:10:09 GMT+00:00
Galway ferry transfer delayed until tomorrow - RTE.ie Tweet this news
RTE.ie--There has been another setback to the ongoing efforts in Galway Harbour to load a passenger ferry onto the deck of a cargo ship which is to take it to -Mauritius-. There has been yet another setback to the ongoing efforts in Galway Harbour to load - Date : Thu, 21 Apr 2011 16:26:53 GMT+00:00
Mauritius to offer postgraduate medical courses soon - News On Sunday Tweet this news
News On Sunday--On this occasion, the Minister also highlighted the medical system in -Mauritius- and in broad lines explained the situation in -Mauritius-, urging them to work hard so as to rise to local health expectations.--- - Date : Fri, 22 Apr 2011 09:44:10 GMT+00:00
Giant tortoise brings slow salvation - BBC News (blog) Tweet this news
BBC News (blog)--In a week when the introduction of species to islands has been under discussion for other reasons, news comes from -Mauritius- of a new inhabitant that is restoring a vital piece of long-extinct ecology. Several hundred years ago, settler - Date : Thu, 21 Apr 2011 16:44:24 GMT+00:00
Financial news : CSO expects economic growth to reach 4.5%Mauritius and IMF ... - News On Sunday Tweet this news
News On Sunday--AFRITAC South, scheduled for opening in late June 2011, will be located in -Mauritius-, and will cover 13 countries in Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean. With these countries, AFRITAC coverage in Sub-Saharan Africa will be extended to 3 - Date : Fri, 22 Apr 2011 09:47:27 GMT+00:00
'A dark place' - BBC News Tweet this news
BBC News--John McAreavey and his wife, the daughter of Tyrone Gaelic football boss Mickey Harte, were on honeymoon in -Mauritius- when she was murdered. He said finding Michaela's body in the bath of their hotel room was "the worst thing ima - Date : Thu, 21 Apr 2011 11:51:40 GMT+00:00
Mauritius hosts int'l conference on medicinal plants - Afrique en Ligue Tweet this news
Afrique en Ligue--Ebène, -Mauritius- - An international three-day conference on the conservation and use of medicinal plants in the developing small islands in the Indian Ocean and Madagascar opened Wednesday in Ebène, central -Mauritius-. It is being a - Date : Thu, 21 Apr 2011 08:15:40 GMT+00:00

Office Held Office Holder Incumbency
President Anerood Jugnauth 7 October 2003
Vice President Monique Ohsan Bellepeau 13 November 2010
Prime Minister Navin Ramgoolam 5 July 2005
Deputy Prime Minister Rashid Beebeejaun 7 July 2005
Vice Prime Minister Anil Bachoo 7 August 2011
Senior Minister
Sheila Bappoo 7 July 2005
Leader of the Opposition Paul Raymond Berenger 7 July 2005

MU topics

DistrictsBlack River * Flacq * Grand Port * Moka * Pamplemousses * Plaines Wilhems * Port Louis * Rivière du Rempart * Savanne
Dependencies and
territories
Agalega Islands * Cargados Carajos Shoals (St. Brandon) * Rodrigues * Soudan Banks * Nazareth Bank * Saya de Malha Bank * Hawkins Bank
Territorial claimsChagos Archipelago * Tromelin
Politics and
government
National Assembly * Political parties * Elections
EconomyCurrency * Companies * Communications * Foreign relations * Transport * Educational sector
PeopleCreole * Franco-Mauritian * Indo-Mauritian * Sino-Mauritian
ReligionHinduism * Christianity * Islam
CultureProminent Mauritians * Creole language * Music
Other topicsHistory * Military * Geography * Rugby * Wildlife

Countries and territories of Africa

West Africa Benin * Burkina Faso * Cape Verde * Côte d'Ivoire * The Gambia * Ghana * Guinea * Guinea-Bissau * Liberia * Mali * Mauritania * Niger * Nigeria * Senegal * Sierra Leone * Togo
North Africa Algeria * Egypt * Libya * Mauritania * Morocco * Sudan * Tunisia
Central Africa Angola * Burundi * Cameroon * Central African Republic * Chad * Democratic Republic of the Congo * Republic of the Congo * Equatorial Guinea * Gabon * Rwanda * São Tomé and Príncipe
East Africa Burundi * Comoros * Djibouti * Eritrea * Ethiopia * Kenya * Madagascar * Malawi * Mauritius * Mozambique * Seychelles * Somalia * Tanzania * Uganda * Zambia * Zimbabwe
Southern Africa Botswana * Lesotho * Namibia * South Africa * Swaziland
States with
limited recognition
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic * Somaliland
Partially in AfricaFrance (Réunion) * Italy (Pantelleria) * Portugal (Madeira) * Spain (Canary Islands / Ceuta / Melilla / Plazas de soberanía) * Yemen (Socotra)
DependenciesIles Eparses (France) * Mayotte (France) * Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom)
Disputed areasWestern Sahara

Countries and territories bordering the Indian Ocean

AfricaComoros * Djibouti * Egypt * Eritrea * Kenya * Madagascar * Mauritius * Mayotte * Mozambique * Réunion * Seychelles * Somalia * South Africa * Sudan * Tanzania
AsiaBahrain * Bangladesh * Burma * Christmas Island * Cocos (Keeling) Islands * India * Indonesia * Iran * Iraq * Israel * Jordan * Kuwait * Malaysia * Maldives * Oman * Pakistan * Qatar * Saudi Arabia * Sri Lanka * Thailand * United Arab Emirates * Yemen
OceaniaAustralia * Christmas Island * Cocos (Keeling) Islands
IslandsBahrain * British Indian Ocean Territory * Christmas Island * Cocos (Keeling) Islands * Comoros * Madagascar * Maldives * Mauritius * Mayotte * Réunion * Seychelles * Sri Lanka

Member states and observers of the Francophonie

MembersAlbania * Andorra * Armenia * Belgium (French Community) * Benin * Bulgaria * Burkina Faso * Burundi * Cambodia * Cameroon * Canada (New Brunswick * Quebec) * Cape Verde * Central African Republic * Chad * Comoros * Cyprusup|1 * Democratic Republic of the Congo * Republic of the Congo * Côte d'Ivoire * Djibouti * Dominica * Egypt * Equatorial Guinea * France (French Guiana * Guadeloupe * Martinique * St. Pierre and Miquelon) * Gabon * Ghanaup|1 * Greece * Guinea * Guinea-Bissau * Haiti * Laos * Luxembourg * Lebanon * Macedoniaup|2 * Madagascar * Mali * Mauritania * Mauritius * Moldova * Monaco * Morocco * Niger * Romania * Rwanda * St. Lucia * São Tomé and Príncipe * Senegal * Seychelles * Switzerland * Togo * Tunisia * Vanuatu * Vietnam
ObserversAustria * Croatia * Czech Republic * Georgia * Hungary * Latvia * Lithuania * Mozambique * Poland * Serbia * Slovakia * Slovenia * Thailand * Ukraine

Dialects and accents of Modern English by continent

Africa
Cameroon * Liberian * Malawian * Namibian * Nigerian * South African * Ugandan
Asia
Burmese * Chinese * Hong Kong * Indian (regional/occupational dialects) * Malaysian (Manglish) * Pakistani * Philippine * Singaporean (Singlish) * Sri Lankan * Thai
Europe
Great BritainBlack British * Black Country * Brummie * Cockney * Cumbrian * East Anglian * East Midlands * Estuary * Geordie * Kentish * Lancashire * Mackem * Mancunian * Manx * Multicultural London * Norfolk * Northern * Pitmatic * Potteries * Received Pronunciation * Scottish (Glaswegian * Highland) * Scouse * Southern * Sussex * West Midlands * Welsh (Cardiff) * West Country * Yorkshire
IrelandCork * Dublin * Belfast * Derry * Mid Ulster
OtherCzech * Dutch (Dunglish) * Gibraltarian (Llanito) * Guernsey * Jersey * Maltese * Swedish
North America
United StatesAfrican American Vernacular * Appalachian * Baltimorese * Boston * Buffalonian * Cajun * California * Central Pennsylvania * Chicano * General American * Hawai'i English * Hudson Valley * Inland Northern American * Midland * New England * New Jersey * New York City * North Central American * Northeast Pennsylvania * Pacific Northwest * Pennsylvania Dutch English * Philadelphia * Pittsburgh * Southern American * Tidewater * Western * Yat * Yooper
CanadaCape Breton * Lunenburg * Maritimer * Newfoundland * Ottawa Valley Twang * Quebec * West/Central Canadian
OtherBelizean * Bermudian * Caribbean (Bahamian * Jamaican * Trinidadian)
South America
Falkland Islands * Guyanese
Oceania
AustraliaAustralian Aboriginal * South Australian * Torres Strait * Western Australian
OtherNew Zealand * Norfuk * Pitkern
Related
English language * American and British English differences * Anglish * Basic * E-Prime * Engrish * English as a lingua franca * Globish * International * Mid-Atlantic (American Theater Standard) * Non-native pronunciations of English * Pidgin * Plain * Simplified * Special * Standard

African Union (AU)

Algeria * Angola * Benin * Botswana * Burkina Faso * Burundi * Cameroon * Cape Verde * Central African Republic * Chad * Comoros * Democratic Republic of the Congo * Republic of the Congo * Côte d'Ivoire * Djibouti * Egypt * Eritrea * Ethiopia * Equatorial Guinea * Gabon * The Gambia * Ghana * Guinea * Guinea-Bissau * Kenya * Lesotho * Liberia * Libya * Madagascar * Malawi * Mali * Mauritania * Mauritius * Mozambique * Namibia * Niger * Nigeria * Rwanda * Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic * São Tomé and Príncipe * Senegal * Seychelles * Sierra Leone * Somalia * South Africa * Sudan * Swaziland * Tanzania * Togo * Tunisia * Uganda * Zambia * Zimbabwe |

Indo-Aryan-speaking regions

Afghanistan * Bangladesh * Fiji * Guyana * India * Maldives * Mauritius * Nepal * Pakistan * Singapore * Sri Lanka * Suriname * Trinidad and Tobago |

Members of the Commonwealth of Nations

Sovereign states
Antigua and Barbuda * Australia * Bahamas * Bangladesh * Barbados * Belize * Botswana * Brunei * Cameroon * Canada * Cyprus * Dominica * Fiji (suspended) * The Gambia * Ghana * Grenada * Guyana * India * Jamaica * Kenya * Kiribati * Lesotho * Malawi * Malaysia * Maldives * Malta * Mauritius * Mozambique * Namibia * Nauru * New Zealand * Nigeria * Pakistan * Papua New Guinea * Rwanda * St. Kitts and Nevis * St. Lucia * St. Vincent and the Grenadines * Samoa * Seychelles * Sierra Leone * Singapore * Solomon Islands * South Africa * Sri Lanka * Swaziland * Tanzania * Tonga * Trinidad and Tobago * Tuvalu * Uganda * United Kingdom * Vanuatu * Zambia
Dependencies
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands * Australian Antarctic Territory * Christmas Island * Cocos (Keeling) Islands * Coral Sea Islands * Heard Island and McDonald Islands * Norfolk Island



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