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General information
Common nameArmenia
Local name 
Anthem  (Armenian)
"Our Fatherland"

Largest citycapital
Official languagesArmenian
Ethnic groups97.9% Armenian,
1.3% Yazidis,
0.5% Russian,
0.3% others.
GovernmentPresidential republic
PresidentSerzh Sargsyan
Prime MinisterTigran Sargsyan
SpeakerHovik Abrahamyan
Formation and independenceFormation and independence
Traditional date11 August 2492 BC
Nairi1200 BC
Kingdom of Ararat840s BC
Orontid Dynasty560 BC
Kingdom of Armenia

190 BC
Democratic Republic of Armenia established
28 May 1918
from the Soviet Union

23 August 1990
21 September 1991
25 December 1991
Total Area11484 sq mi (29743.6 km2) (141st)
Water %4.71
Population Est.3,262,200 (+) (134th)
Density (pop.)108.4/km2 (99th) (280.7/sq mi)
GDP PPP$16.858 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$5,110
GDP (nominal)$9.389 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$2,846
Other information
Gini37 (2006) (medium)
HDI(+) 0.695 (2010) (high) (76th)
CurrencyDram (դր.) (AMD)
Time zoneUTC (UTC+4)
- Summer (DST)DST (UTC+5)
Drives on theRight
Calling code374
Patron saintSt. Bartholomew the Apostle, St. Gregory the Illuminator, St. Jude the Apostle, Virgin Mary

     Home | Country | Armenia

Armenia c-enaudio=en-us-Armenia.oggɑrˈmiːniə ( Hayastan -hyhɑjɑsˈtɑn), officially the Republic of Armenia (Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն, Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun, -hyhɑjɑstɑˈni hɑnɾɑpɛtuˈtʰjun), is a landlocked mountainous country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the south.

A former republic of the Soviet Union, Armenia is a unitary, multiparty, democratic nation-state with an ancient and historic cultural heritage. The Kingdom of Armenia became the first state to adopt Christianity as its religion in the early years of the 4th century (the traditional date is 301). The modern Republic of Armenia recognizes the Armenian Apostolic Church as the national church of Armenia, although the republic has separation of church and state.

Armenia is a member of more than 40 international organisations, including the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the Asian Development Bank, the Commonwealth of Independent States, the World Trade Organization, World Customs Organization, the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, and La Francophonie. It is a member of the CSTO military alliance, and also participates in NATO's Partnership for Peace (PfP) programme. In 2004 its forces joined KFOR, a NATO-led international force in Kosovo. It is also an observer member of the Eurasian Economic Community and the Non-Aligned Movement. The country is an emerging democracy, and is currently in a negotiation process with the European Union, of which it may become an Associate Member in the near future. The Government of Armenia holds European integration as a key priority in its foreign policy as it is considered a European country by the European Union.

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