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Knoxville, Tennessee

Knoxville Tennessee
Administration
Full nameCity of Knoxville
Official nameCity of Knoxville
Settlement typeCity
CountryUnited States
StateTennessee
CountyKnox
Settled1786
Incorporated1791
Government
TypeMayor-council government
MayorDaniel Brown (acting)
Geography
Total Area390237.5 sq mi (1010978 km2)
Land Area92.66 sq mi (240 km2)
Water Area5.43 sq mi (14.1 km2)
Elevation886 ft (270.1 m)
Demography
Total Population178874 (2010)
Density (pop.)724.4/km2 (1876.7/sq mi)
Metro (pop.)699247
Combined Statistical Pop1029155
DemonymKnoxvillian
Knoxvillite
Other information
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
- Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code37901-37902, 37909, 37912, 37914-37924, 37927-37934, 37938-37940, 37950, 37995-37998
Area code865
FIPS code47-40000 
GNIS feature ID1648562 

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Founded in 1786, Knoxville is the third-largest city in the U.S. state of Tennessee, U.S.A., behind Memphis and Nashville, and is the county seat of Knox County. It is the largest city in East Tennessee, and the second-largest city (behind Pittsburgh) in the Appalachia region. As of the 2000 United States Census, Knoxville had a population of 173,890; the July 2007 estimated population was 183,546. Knoxville is the principal city of the Knoxville Metropolitan Statistical Area with a metro population of 655,400, which is in turn the central component of the Knoxville-Sevierville-La Follette Combined Statistical Area with 1,029,155 residents.

Of Tennessee's four major cities, Knoxville is second oldest to Nashville, which was founded seven years earlier. After Tennessee's admission into the Union in 1796, Knoxville was the state's first capital, in which capacity it served until 1819, when the capital was moved to Murfreesboro, prior to Nashville receiving the designation. The city was named in honor of the first Secretary of War, Henry Knox.

One of Knoxville's nicknames is The Marble City. In the early 20th century, a number of quarries were active in the city, supplying Tennessee pink marble (actually Ordovician limestone of the Holston Formation) to much of the country. Notable buildings such as the National Gallery of Art in Washington are constructed of Knoxville marble. The National Gallery's fountains were turned by Candoro Marble Company, which once ran the largest marble lathes in the United States.

Knoxville was once also known as the Underwear Capital of the World. In the 1930s, no fewer than 20 textile and clothing mills operated in Knoxville, and the industry was the city's largest employer. In the 1950s, the mills began to close, causing an overall population loss of 10% by 1960.

Knoxville is also the home of the University of Tennessee's flagship campus. The university's sports teams, called the "Volunteers" or "Vols", are extremely popular in the surrounding area. In recognition of this popularity, the telephone area code for Knox County and eight adjacent counties is 865 (VOL). Knoxville is also the home of the Women's Basketball Hall of Fame, almost entirely thanks to the popularity of Pat Summitt and the University of Tennessee women's basketball team.


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