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Jorge Rafael Videla

Videla in 1979
Personal data
Date of birth2 August 1925(age 91)
Place of birthMercedes, Buenos Aires
NationalityArgentine
SpouseAlicia Raquel Hartridge
Alma materColegio Militar de la Nación
ProfessionMilitary
Military service
AllegianceArgentina
Service/branchArgentine Army
Years of service1944 1985
RankGeneral Commander of the Army
43rd President of Argentina
De facto
In office29 March 1976 - 28 March 1981
Succeeded byRoberto Viola
Preceded byIsabel Perón

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Jorge Rafael Videla Redondo (-esˈxorxe rafaˈel βiˈðela; born 2 August 1925) is a former senior commander in the Argentine Army who was the de facto President of Argentina from 1976 to 1981. He came to power in a coup d'état that deposed Isabel Martínez de Perón. After the return of a representative democratic government, he was prosecuted for large-scale human rights abuses and crimes against humanity that took place under his rule, including kidnappings or forced disappearance, widespread torture and extrajudicial murder of activists, political opponents (either real, suspected or alleged) as well as their families, at secret concentration camps. The accusations also included the theft of many babies born during the captivity of their mothers at the illegal detention centres. He was under house arrest until 10 October 2008, when he was sent to a military prison. On 5 July 2010, Videla took full responsibility for his army's actions during his rule. "I accept the responsibility as the highest military authority during the internal war. My subordinates followed my orders," he told an Argentine court. On 22 December 2010, Videla was sentenced to life in a civilian prison for the deaths of 31 prisoners following his coup d'état.


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