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House of Representatives of Japan

Background Color#FBCD1C
Text Color#000000
NameHouse of Representatives
Native Name 
Transcription NameShūgiin
LegislatureThe 45th House of Representatives
Coa PicCrest of Shūgiin.png
Coa Res100px
House TypeLower house
Leader1 TypeSpeaker
Leader1Takahiro Yokomichi
Election116 September 2009
Leader2 TypePrime Minister
Leader2Yoshihiko Noda
Election231 August 2011
Leader3 TypeOpposition Leader
Leader3Sadakazu Tanigaki
Election328 September 2009
Structure145th House of Representatives of Japan seat composition.svg
Structure1 Res270px
Political Groups1                     
Session RoomThe Diet.jpg
Session Res270px
Meeting PlaceThe House of Representatives Chamber

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|} is the lower house of the Diet of Japan. The House of Councillors of Japan is the upper house.

The House of Representatives has 480 members, elected for a four-year term. Of these, 180 members are elected from 11 multi-member constituencies by a party-list system of proportional representation, and 300 are elected from single-member constituencies. 241 seats are required for majority.

The overall voting system used to elect the House of Representatives is a parallel system, not a form of proportional representation. Under a parallel system the allocation of list seats does not take into account the outcome in the single seat constituencies. Therefore the overall allocation of seats in the House of Representatives is not proportional, to the advantage of larger parties. In contrast, in bodies such as the German Bundestag the election of single-seat members and party list members is linked, so that the overall result respects proportional representation.

The House of Representatives is the more powerful of the two houses, able to override vetoes on bills imposed by the House of Councillors with a two-thirds majority. It can be dissolved by the Prime Minister at will, as it was by Taro Aso on July 21, 2009.

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