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Diet of Japan

Background Color#112FA7
Text Color#C4C974
NameNational Diet
Native Name 
Transcription NameKokkai
LegislatureThe 177th Ordinary Session
Coa PicGo-shichi no kiri crest 2.svg
Coa Res270px
House TypeBicameral
HousesHouse of Representatives
House of Councillors
Leader1 TypeSpeaker of the Representatives
Leader1Takahiro Yokomichi
Election116 September 2009
Leader2 TypeSpeaker of the Councillors
Leader2Takeo Nishioka
Election27 August 2007
480 (House of Representatives)
242 (House of Councillors)
House1House of

House2House of

Structure145th House of Representatives of Japan seat composition.svg
Structure1 Res270px
Structure22010-2013 House of Councillors of Japan seat composition.svg
Structure2 Res270px
Political Groups1                     
Political Groups2                 
Last Election130 August 2009 (45th)
Last Election211 July 2010 (22nd)
Session RoomDiet of Japan Kokkai 2009.jpg
Session Res270px
Meeting PlaceNational Diet Building, Nagatachō, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo

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|} is Japan's bicameral legislature. It is composed of a lower house, called the House of Representatives, and an upper house, called the House of Councillors. Both houses of the Diet are directly elected under a parallel voting system. In addition to passing laws, the Diet is formally responsible for selecting the Prime Minister. The Diet was first convened as the Imperial Diet in 1889 as a result of adopting the Meiji constitution. The Diet took its current form in 1947 upon the adoption of the postwar constitution and is considered by the Constitution to be the highest organ of state power. The National Diet Building is located in Nagatachō, Chiyoda, Tokyo.

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