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Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor

Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
NameFerdinand I
King of the Romans
Reign5 January 1531 � 25 July 1564
Coronation11 January 1531, Aachen
PredecessorCharles V
SuccessorMaximilian II
Holy Roman Emperor
Reign1558 � 1564
PredecessorCharles V
SuccessorMaximilian II
King of Bohemia
Reign24 October 1526 � 25 July 1564
Coronation24 February 1527, Prague
PredecessorLouis II
King of Hungary and Croatia
Reign16 December 1526 � 25 July 1564
Coronation3 November 1527, Székesfehérvár
PredecessorLouis II
SpouseAnna of Bohemia and Hungary
Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor
Elisabeth, Queen of Poland
Joanna, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Anna, Duchess of Bavaria
Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria
Catherine, Queen of Poland
Barbara, Duchess of Ferrara
Charles II, Archduke of Austria
Eleonora, Duchess of Mantua
HouseHouse of Habsburg
FatherPhilip I of Castile
MotherJoanna of Castile
Place of burialPrague, St. Vitus Cathedral
ReligionRoman Catholicism

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Ferdinand I (10 March 1503 � 25 July 1564) was a Central European monarch from the House of Habsburg. He was Holy Roman Emperor from 1558, king of Bohemia and Hungary from 1526, king of Croatia, Dalmatia, Slavonia, and formally king of Serbia, Galicia (in Eastern Europe) and Lodomeria, etc. He ruled the Austrian hereditary lands of the Habsburgs most of his public life, at the behest of his elder brother Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain.

The key events during his reign were the contest with the Ottoman Empire, whose great advance into Central Europe began in the 1520s, and the Protestant Reformation, which resulted in several wars of religion.

Ferdinand's motto was Fiat justitia et pereat mundus: "Let justice be done, though the world perish".

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