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Fall of Tenochtitlan

Fall of Tenochtitlan
"Conquista de México por Cortés". Unknown artist, second half of the 17th century. Note that the depiction of the Aztecs' clothing and weaponry is inaccurate.
Military Conflict
ConflictSiege of Tenochtitlan
DateMay 26 - August 13, 1521
LocationTenochtitlan, present-day Mexico City, Mexico
ResultDecisive Spanish and Tlaxcallan victory
Spain Spain
Aztec Empire
Hernán Cortés
Pedro de Alvarado
16 guns
13 brigantines
80,000 - 200,000 native allies
86 - 96 cavalry
900 - 1,300 infantry
300,000 warriors(including war acallis)
450 - 860 Spanish
20,000 Tlaxcallan
100,000 warriors
100,000 civilians

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The siege of Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire, came about in 1521 through the manipulation of local factions and divisions by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés. Though numerous battles were fought between the Aztecs and the Spanish army, which was composed of predominantly indigenous peoples, it was the siege of Tenochtitlan that was the final, decisive battle that led to the downfall of the Aztec civilization and marked the end of the first phase of the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. The conquest of Mexico was part of the Spanish colonization of the Americas.

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