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General information
Common nameEritrea
Local nameሃገረ ኤርትራ
Hagere Ertra
دولة إرتريا
Dawlat Iritrīya
Nameሃገረ ኤርትራ
Hagere Ertra
دولة إرتريا
Dawlat Iritrīya
AnthemErtra, Ertra, Ertra
Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea
Largest citycapital
Official languagesTigrinya, Arabic, English
Other languagesTigre, Saho, Bilen, Afar, Kunama, Nara, Hedareb, Italian,.
Ethnic groups55% Tigrinya, 30% Tigre, 4% Saho, 2% Kunama, 2% Rashaida, 2% Bilen, 5% other (Afar, Beni, Amir, Nera) (2010 est.)
GovernmentProvisional government
PresidentIsaias Afewerki
From ItalyNovember 1941
From United Kingdom under UN Mandate1951
from Ethiopia de facto24 May 1991
From Ethiopia de jure24 May 1993
Total Area45405 sq mi (117599 km2) (100th)
Water %0.14%
Population Est.5224000 (109th)
Population census5291370 (2008)
Density (pop.)43.1/km2 (165th) (111.7/sq mi)
GDP PPP$3.625 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$681
GDP (nominal)$2.117 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$397
Other information
HDI0.472 (2007) (low) (165th)
CurrencyNakfa (ERN)
Time zoneEAT (UTC+3)
- Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code291

     Home | Country | Eritrea

Eritrea (c-eniconˌɛrɨˈtreɪ.ə or c-enˌɛrɨˈtriːə; Ge'ez: ኤርትራ ʾErtrā, Arabic: إرتريا Iritrīyā), officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa. The capital is Asmara. It is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast. The northeast and east of the country has an extensive coastline on the Red Sea, directly across from Saudi Arabia and Yemen. The Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands are part of Eritrea. Eritrea's size is approximately 117600 km2 (45405.6 sqmi) with an estimated population of 6 million.

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