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Ge'ez script

LanguagesEthiopian Semitic languages (e.g. Ge'ez, Amharic, Tigrinya, Tigre, Harari, etc.), Blin, Me'en, in low degree Oromo
Time5th � 6th c. BC to present (abjad until ca. 330 AD)
Fam2South Arabian
Childrenvarious alphabets of Ethiopia and Eritrea
Image Size200px

     Home | Writing system | Geez script

Ge'ez ( ), also called Ethiopic, is a script used as an abugida for several languages of Ethiopia but originated in an abjad used to write Ge'ez, now the liturgical language of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. In the modern communities that use it, such as the Amharic and Tigrinya, the script is called ( ), which means "script" or "alphabet".

The Ge'ez script has been adapted to write other, mostly Semitic, languages, such as Amharic in Ethiopia and Tigrinya in Eritrea and Ethiopia. It is also used for Sebatbeit, Me'en, and most other languages of Ethiopia. In Eritrea it is used for Tigre, and it has traditionally been used for Blin, a Cushitic language. Tigre, spoken in western and northern Eritrea and Eastern Sudan, is considered to resemble Ge'ez more so than do the other derivative languages. Some other languages in the Horn of Africa, such as Oromo, used to be written using Ge'ez but have migrated to Latin-based orthographies.

For the representation of sounds, this article uses a system that is common (though not universal) among linguists who work on Ethiopian Semitic languages. This differs somewhat from the conventions of the International Phonetic Alphabet. See the articles on the individual languages for information on the pronunciation.

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