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General information
Common nameDjibouti
Local name 
Motto"Unité, Égalité, Paix" (translation)
"Unity, Equality, Peace"
Largest citycapital
Official languagesFrench, Arabic
GovernmentSemi-presidential republic
PresidentIsmail Omar Guelleh
Prime MinisterDileita Mohamed Dileita
from FranceJune 27, 1977
Total Area8958 sq mi (23201.2 km2) (149th)
Water %0.09 (20 km2 / 7.7 sq mi)
Population Est.864000 (160th)
Population census818159 (2009)
Density (pop.)37.2/km2 (168th) (96.4/sq mi)
GDP PPP$2.105 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$2,554
GDP (nominal)$1.140 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$1,383
Other information
Gini40.0 (2009)
HDI(+) 0.402 (2010) (low) (147th)
CurrencyFranc (DJF)
Time zoneEAT (UTC+3)
- Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code253

     Home | Country | Djibouti

Djibouti ( , , , ), officially the Republic of Djibouti ( , , , ), is a country in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast. The remainder of the border is formed by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden at the east. Djibouti, which had a population of 818,159 at the 2009 census, is one of the least populous countries in Africa. The predominant religion in Djibouti is Islam, with a 94% majority, with the remaining 6% practicing Christianity. The land was known as Obock and French Somaliland (Côte française des Somalis) in the 19th century; in 1967, it changed its name to Afars and Issas after new treaties with France. The territory was declared an independent nation in 1977 and changed its name to the "Republic of Djibouti" after its principal city. Djibouti joined the United Nations on September 20, 1977. While Djibouti is an independent sovereign state, it maintains deep French relations, and through various military and economic agreements with France, it receives continued security and economic assistance.

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