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Metropolitan borough

Metropolitan borough
NameMetropolitan district
Alt NameMetropolitan borough
Upper UnitMetropolitan county
Current Number36
Number Date2008
Legislation BeginLocal Government Act 1972
Start Date1 April 1974
Population Range0.1 - 1.1 million

     Home | subdivision type | Metropolitan borough

A metropolitan borough is a type of local government district in England, and is a subdivision of a metropolitan county. Created in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972, metropolitan boroughs are defined in English law as metropolitan districts, however all of them have been granted or regranted royal charters to give them borough status (as well as some with city status). Metropolitan boroughs are effectively unitary authority areas, since the abolition of metropolitan county councils by the Local Government Act 1985.

The term metropolitan borough was also used for administrative subdivisions of London between 1900 and 1965. The present boroughs in London are known as London Boroughs rather than metropolitan boroughs.

The current metropolitan boroughs were created in 1974 as subdivisions of the new metropolitan counties which were created to cover the six largest urban areas in England outside Greater London. The new districts replaced the previous system of county boroughs, municipal boroughs, urban and rural districts. The districts typically have populations of 174,000 to 1.1 million.

Metropolitan districts were originally part of a two-tier structure of local government, and shared power with the metropolitan county councils (MCCs). They differed from non-metropolitan districts, in the division of powers between district and county councils. Metropolitan districts were Local Education Authorities and were responsible for social services and libraries; in non-metropolitan counties these services were the responsibility of county councils.

In 1986 the metropolitan county councils were abolished by the Local Government Act 1985 and most of their functions were devolved to the boroughs, making them to a large extent unitary authorities. Some of the functions of the abolished county councils were taken over by joint bodies such as passenger transport authorities, and joint fire, police and waste disposal authorities.

The 36 metropolitan boroughs are:

Metropolitan borough Video

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Recorded June 19, 2007. Juneau is a unified municipality located on the Gastineau Channel in the panhandle of Alaska. It has been the capital of Alaska since 1906, when the government of...
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Shot June 19, 2007. Video begins as I cruise into Juneau on the Sapphire Princess. Once off the ship I ride the tramway to the top of Mount Roberts for nice views of Juneau and the Gastineau...
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Release Date: 2013 Genre: Science Fiction Cast: Josh Truax, Michael Donovan, Jen Page, Geoffery Simmons, Branson Anderson Director: Ian Hubert Writer: Ian Hubert Studio: Spiral Productions...
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Recorded June 13-17, 2000. Fairbanks is the largest city in the Interior region of Alaska, and second largest in the state behind Anchorage. According to 2007 Census Bureau estimates, the populatio...
9.92 min. | 4.62 user rating
A Knowsley Council 'Enforcement' Officer entered onto private premises after he had seen a pensioner allegedly drop a cigarette stump (also on that private property) and he then escorted the...
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Doncaster Metropolitan Borough Council - LocalGov Tweet this news
LocalGov--That's why, we're asking the Local Government Boundary Commission for England to undertake a review of the -borough- and reduce the number of councillors by ... - Date : Wed, 27 Oct 2010 14:53:51 GMT+00:00
Green belt campaigners in Marston Green speak out against development plans - Birmingham Mail Tweet this news
Birmingham Mail--It will involve the expansion of Birmingham Business Park and encroach onto an area which Solihull -Metropolitan Borough- Council has previously fought to ... - Date : Thu, 21 Oct 2010 06:11:08 GMT+00:00
Permission granted for Wigan scheme - The Construction Index Tweet this news
The Construction Index--Wigan -Metropolitan Borough- Council approved the 1 million sq ft scheme to convert the 15-acre Eckersley site bounded by the Leeds Liverpool Canal and River ... - Date : Tue, 26 Oct 2010 17:19:01 GMT+00:00
2010 British Open Solo & Quartet Championship - Dukinfield revival? - Tweet this news with the prospect of possible cut backs in local authority funding, the support of Tameside -Metropolitan Borough- Council has been vital in providing ... - Date : Sun, 31 Oct 2010 12:17:03 GMT+00:00

Metropolitan county Metropolitan districts Number County population
Greater Manchester Manchester, Bolton, Bury, Oldham, Rochdale, Salford, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford, Wigan 10 2,573,200
Merseyside Liverpool, Knowsley, St Helens, Sefton, Wirral 5 1,365,000
South Yorkshire Sheffield, Barnsley, Doncaster, Rotherham 4 1,290,000
Tyne and Wear Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead, South Tyneside, North Tyneside, Sunderland 5 1,089,400
West Midlands Birmingham, Coventry, Dudley, Sandwell, Solihull, Walsall, Wolverhampton 7 2,591,300
West Yorkshire Leeds, Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees, Wakefield 5 2,161,200

Subdivisions of England

RegionRegion * Greater London
CountyMetropolitan * Non-metropolitan * Ceremonial
DistrictMetropolitan * Non-metropolitan * London borough * City of London * Unitary authority * Isles of Scilly
Civil parishCivil parish

Types of administrative country subdivisions

Current English termsAutonomous area * Bailiwick * Banner (Autonomous banner) * Block * aps|Borough (County borough * Metropolitan borough) * Cadastral division * aps|Canton * aps|Capital (Federal capital) * Circle * Circuit * aps|City (Autonomous city * Chartered city * Independent city) * Colony * aps|Commune * Community (Autonomous community * Residential community) * Condominium * Constituency * Council * aps|County (Administrative county * Autonomous county * Metropolitan county) * aps|Department * aps|District (Autonomous district * aps|Capital district * City district * Federal district * Metropolitan district * Municipal district * Subdistrict) * Division * Duchy * Eldership * Federal dependency * aps|Governorate * Hamlet * Insular area * Local administrative unit * Local Government Area * aps|Municipality (Direct-controlled municipality * District municipality * Regional municipality * Regional county municipality * Rural municipality) * Neighbourhood * aps|Parish (Civil parish) * Periphery * Prefecture (Autonomous prefecture * Subprefecture) * Principality (Co-principality) * Protectorate * aps|Province (Autonomous province) * Quarter * Regency * aps|Region (Autonomous region * aps|Capital region * Special administrative region) * Republic (Autonomous republic) * Reservation (Reserve) * Riding * Shire * aps|State * Suzerainty * aps|Territory (Autonomous territorial unit * Capital territory * Dependent territory * National territory * Union Territory) * aps|Town * Townland * aps|Township (Civil township) * Urban (urbanized) area * aps|Village * aps|Ward |
Current non-English
and loanword terms
Amt * aps|Arrondissement * Bairro * Bakhsh * Baladiyah * Barangay * Bezirk * Regierungsbezirk * Comarca * Comune * Daïra * Frazione * Freguesia * Gmina * Judeţ * Kommun * Liwa * Località * Megye * Oblast * Okrug * Ostān * Powiat * Raion * Ranchería * Shabiyah * Shahr * Shahrestān * Sýsla * Taluka * Tehsil * Vingtaine * Voivodeship * Wilayah * Woreda |
Defunct and historical
English terms
Agency * Barony * Burgh * Diocese * Exarchate * Free imperial city * Hide * Hundred * Imperial Circle * March * Praetorian prefecture * Presidency * Residency * Rural district * Sanitary district * Tithing * Urban district * Viscountcy (Viscounty) |
Defunct and historical
non-English terms
Commote * Deme * Heerlijkheid * Katepanikion * Naucrary * Nome * Pargana * Plasă * Satrapy * Theme |

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