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General information
Common nameBrunei
Local name 
Motto"الدائمون المحسنون بالهدى" "Sentiasa membuat kebajikan dengan petunjuk Allah"
"Always in service with God's guidance" (translation)
AnthemAllah Peliharakan Sultan
God Bless the Sultan
CapitalBandar Seri Begawan
Largest cityBandar Seri Begawan
Official languagesBahasa Melayu (Malay)
Official scriptsMalay alphabet,
Jawi alphabet
GovernmentUnitary Islamic sultanate
SultanHassanal Bolkiah
Crown PrinceAl-Muhtadee Billah
Prime MinisterHassanal Bolkiah
Sultanate14th century
End of
British protectorate
January 1, 1984|area_rank=172nd
Total Area2226 sq mi (5765.3 km2) (172nd)
Water %8.6
Population Est.401890 (174th)
Population census332844 (2001)
Density (pop.)67.3/km2 (134th) (174.4/sq mi)
GDP PPP$20.382 billion (2010) (122nd)
GDP (PPP) per capita$48,891 (8th)
GDP (nominal)$13.022 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$31,238
Other information
HDI(+) 0.805 (2010) (very high) (37th)
CurrencyBrunei dollar (BND)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+6731

     Home | Country | Brunei

Brunei c-enaudio=En-us-Brunei.oggbruːˈnaɪ, officially the State of Brunei Darussalam or the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace ( , Jawi: ), is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo, in Southeast Asia. Apart from its coastline with the South China Sea, it is completely surrounded by the state of Sarawak, Malaysia, and in fact it is separated into two parts by Limbang, which is part of Sarawak. It is the only sovereign state completely on the island of Borneo, with the remainder of the island belonging to Malaysia and Indonesia. Brunei's population is around 400,000 (July 2010).

Brunei can trace its beginnings to the 7th century, when it was a subject state of the Srivijayan empire under the name P'o-li. It later became a vassal state of Majapahit empire before converting to Islam in the 15th century. At the peak of its empire, the sultanate had control that extended over the coastal regions of modern-day Sarawak and Sabah, the Sulu archipelago, and the islands off the northwest tip of Borneo. The thalassocracy was visited by Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 and fought the Castille War in 1578 against Spain. Its empire began to decline with the forced ceding of Sarawak to James Brooke and the ceding of Sabah to the British North Borneo Chartered Company. After the loss of Limbang, Brunei finally became a British protectorate in 1888, receiving a resident in 1906. In the post-occupation years, it formalised a constitution and fought an armed rebellion. Brunei regained its independence from the United Kingdom on 1 January 1984. Economic growth during the 1970s and 1990s, averaging 56% from 1999 to 2008, has transformed Brunei Darussalam into a newly industrialised country.

Brunei has the second highest Human Development Index among the South East Asia nations after Singapore, and is classified as a Developed Country. According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Brunei is ranked 4th in the world by gross domestic product per capita at purchasing power parity.

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