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West Berlin

West Berlin
Native NameBerlin (West) / Westberlin
Conventional Long NameWest Berlin
Common NameWest Berlin
Status TextAllied-occupied sectors of Berlin
EraCold War
Year Start1949
Year End1990
Date End3 October 1990
Event EndReunification
P1Allied-occupied Germany
Flag P1Flag of Germany (1946-1949).svg
Flag S1Flag of Germany.svg
Flag S2Flag of Berlin.svg
Image FlagFlag_of_Berlin.svg
Image Map CaptionThe four occupation sectors of Berlin. West Berlin is in light blue, dark blue and purple. Borough borders as of 1987.

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West Berlin was a political exclave that existed between 1949 and 1990. It comprised the western regions of Berlin, which were bordered by East Berlin and parts of East Germany. West Berlin consisted of the American, British, and French occupation sectors, which had been established in 1945. It was politically closely affiliated with West Germany, although it had a special status, because its administration was formally conducted by the Western Allies. East Berlin encompassed the region occupied and administered by the Soviet Union, and was claimed as capital by East Germany. The Western Allies did not recognise this claim, as they asserted that the entire city of Berlin was legally under four-power administration. The Berlin Wall, built in 1961, physically divided East and West Berlin until it fell in 1989.

With about two million inhabitants, West Berlin had the highest number of residents of any city in Cold War-era Germany.

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