AskBiography Logo   Latest News  Follow Us on Twitter  Follow Us on Google Buzz  Became Fan - Facebook  Subscribe to RSSRSS   Bookmark and Share

Australian Senate

Background Color#b31b1b
Text Colorwhite
NameAustralian Senate
Session RoomSenate, Parliament House, Canberra.JPG
House TypeUpper house
Leader1 TypePresident of the Senate
Leader1John Hogg
Election126 August 2008
Structure1Australian Senate July 2011.svg
Structure1 Res150px
Structure1 AltCurrent Structure of the Senate
Political Groups1Government (31)
*  Labor (31) Opposition
Coalition (34)

Liberal (24) *  LNP (6) *  Nationals (3) *  CLP (1) Crossbench (11)
*   Greens (9) *   DLP (1) *   Independent (1)
Last Election121 August 2010
Meeting PlaceParliament House
Canberra, ACT

     Home | Legislature | Australian Senate

The Senate is the upper house of the bicameral Parliament of Australia, the lower house being the House of Representatives. Senators are popularly elected under a system of proportional representation. Senators are elected for a term that is usually six years; after a double dissolution, however, some senators serve six years while others serve terms of only three. Significant power is conferred upon the Senate by the Australian Constitution, including the capacity to block legislation initiated by the government in the House of Representatives, making it a distinctive hybrid of British Westminster bicameralism and American-style bicameralism.

The present Parliament, as elected at the 2010 election, is the 43rd Federal Parliament since Federation. In the 76-seat Senate, where no party tends to have a majority of seats, the Greens gained the sole balance of power with a total of nine seats, previously holding a shared balance of power with the Family First Party and independent Nick Xenophon. Labor holding 31 seats, they require an additional eight non-Labor votes to pass legislation. The Coalition holds 34 seats, while the two remaining seats are occupied by Xenophon and Democratic Labor Party Senator John Madigan.

Warning: simplexml_load_file( [function.simplexml-load-file]: failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.0 410 Gone in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 257

Warning: simplexml_load_file() [function.simplexml-load-file]: I/O warning : failed to load external entity "" in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 257

Fatal error: Call to a member function children() on a non-object in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 260