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Apure

Apure
NameApure
Image FlagFlag of Apure State.svg
Image ShieldVe)apure.png
Mottonone
Date Creation1901
CapitalSan Fernando de Apure
Area76500
Area Percentage8.35
Area Rank3rd
Population473900
Population As Of2007 est.
Population Percentage1.63
Population Rank19th
Emblematic TreeMerecure licania
Binomial NameLicania pyrifolia
ISO CodeVE-C
GovernorRanón Carrizales
Mandate Start2011
Mandate End2012

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Apure State ( , -esaˈpuɾe) is one of the 23 states (estados) into which Venezuela is divided. Its territory formed part of the provinces of Mérida, Maracaibo, and Barinas, in accordance with successive territorial ordinations pronounced by the colonial authorities. In 1824 the Department of Apure was created, under jurisdiction of Barinas, which laid the foundations for the current entity. In 1856 it separated from Barinas and for the first time Apure appeared as an independent province, which in 1864 acquired the status of state. In 1881, however, a new territorial division combined Apure and Guayana to form a single state named Bolívar. In 1899 it reestablished its autonomy and finally, by means of the Constitution of 1909, gained its current borders.

The territory was famous for heron plumes, which adorned European courts. At the same time, it was the scene of armed encounters that marked the evolution of the War for Independence, as well as numerous battles during the civil war. In the Apurean environs, Rómulo Gallegos was inspired to write his novel Doña Bárbara, which describes the magnitude of this land.

The state capital is San Fernando de Apure.

Based on the 2001 census information, the estimated population of Apure State in 2007 is 473,900 inhabitants.


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