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United States House of Representatives

NameUnited States House
of Representatives
Legislature112th United States Congress
Background Color#CC0000
Text Color#FFFFFF
Coa PicSeal of the House of Representatives.svg
Session RoomObama Health Care Speech to Joint Session of Congress.jpg
House TypeLower house
Structure2 Res1px
Leader1 TypeSpeaker
Leader1John Boehner
Election1January 5, 2011
Leader2 TypeMajority Leader
Leader2Eric Cantor
Election2January 5, 2011
Leader4 TypeMinority Leader
Leader4Nancy Pelosi
Election4January 5, 2011
Members435 plus 6 non-voting members
Political Groups1  Republican Party (242)
  Democratic Party (192)
Last Election1November 2, 2010
Meeting PlaceUnited States Capitol
Washington, D.C.
United States

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The United States House of Representatives is one of the two Houses of the United States Congress, the bicameral legislature which also includes the Senate.

The composition and powers of the House are established in Article One of the Constitution. The major power of the House is to pass federal legislation that affects the entire country, although its bills must also be passed by the Senate and further agreed to by the President before becoming law (unless both the House and Senate re-pass the legislation with a two-thirds majority in each chamber). Each state receives representation in the House in proportion to its population but is entitled to at least one representative. The most populous state, California, currently has 53 representatives. The total number of voting representatives is fixed by law at 435. Each representative serves for a two-year term. The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, traditionally the leader of the majority party, is the presiding officer of the chamber, elected by the members of the House.

The Constitution grants the House several exclusive powers: the power to initiate revenue bills, to impeach officials, and to elect the President in case of an Electoral College deadlock.

The House meets in the south wing of the United States Capitol, with the Senate meeting in the north wing of the same building.

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