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Speaker of the United States House of Representatives

Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
PostSpeaker of the United States House of Representatives
InsigniaSeal of the Speaker of the US House of Representatives.svg
InsigniacaptionSeal of the Speaker
IncumbentJohn Boehner
IncumbentsinceJanuary 5, 2011
PredecessorNancy Pelosi
InofficeJanuary 5, 2011 - present
StyleMister (or Madam) Speaker
(Informal and within the House)
The Honorable
AppointerElected by the U.S. House of Representatives
FormationU.S. Constitution
March 4, 1789
InauguralFrederick Muhlenberg
April 1, 1789

     Home | Political post | Speaker of the United States House of Representatives

The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, or Speaker of the House, is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives. The office was established in 1789 by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution, which states in part, "The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker..." The current speaker is John Boehner, a Republican who represents Ohio's 8th congressional district. The Constitution does not require that the Speaker be an elected Member of Congress, but no non-member has ever been elected Speaker.

The Speaker is second in the United States presidential line of succession, after the Vice President and before the President pro tempore of the U.S. Senate. Unlike in some Westminster System parliaments, the Speaker is a leadership position in the majority party and actively works to set that party's legislative agenda, therefore endowing the office with considerable power. The Speaker does not usually personally preside over debates, instead delegating the duty to other members of Congress of the same political party.

Aside from duties relating to heading the House and the majority political party, the Speaker also performs administrative and procedural functions, and represents his or her congressional district.

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