Ubuntu (operating system)
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Ubuntu (operating system)

Ubuntu 10.04 LTS (Lucid Lynx)
Company / developerCanonical Ltd. / Ubuntu Foundation
OS familyUnix-like
Working stateCurrent
Source modelFree and open source software
Initial release20 October 2004
Latest stable release10.04
Latest release date29 April 2010
Latest unstable release10.10 Alpha 2
Latest preview date1 July 2010
Update methodAPT (front-ends available)
Package managerdpkg (front-ends like Synaptic available)
Supported platformsIA-32, x86-64, lpia, SPARC, PowerPC, ARM, IA-64
Kernel typeMonolithic (Linux)
user interfaceGNOME
LicenseMainly the GNU GPL / plus proprietary binary blobs and various other licenses

     Home | OS | Ubuntu (operating system)

Ubuntu ( or /uːˈbʌnˌtuː/) is a computer operating system based on the Debian GNU/Linux distribution and is distributed as free and open source software with additional proprietary software available.

It is named after the Southern African ethical principle Ubuntu ("humanity towards others"). Ubuntu provides an up-to-date, stable operating system for the average user, with a strong focus on usability and ease of installation. Web statistics suggest that Ubuntu's share of Linux desktop usage is about 50%, and upward trending usage as a web server.

Ubuntu is composed of many software packages, of which the vast majority are distributed under a free software license (also known as open source). The main license used is the GNU General Public License (GNU GPL) which, along with the GNU Lesser General Public License (GNU LGPL), explicitly declares that users are free to run, copy, distribute, study, change, develop and improve the software. Ubuntu is sponsored by the UK-based company Canonical Ltd., owned by South African entrepreneur Mark Shuttleworth. By keeping Ubuntu free and open source, Canonical is able to utilize the talents of community developers in Ubuntu's constituent components. Instead of selling Ubuntu for profit, Canonical creates revenue by selling technical support and from creating several services tied to Ubuntu.

Canonical endorses and provides support for three additional Ubuntu-derived operating systems: Kubuntu, Edubuntu and Ubuntu Server Edition. There are several other derivative operating systems including local language and hardware-specific versions.

Canonical releases new versions of Ubuntu every six months and supports Ubuntu for eighteen months by providing security fixes, patches to critical bugs and minor updates to programs. LTS (Long Term Support) versions, which are released every two years, are supported for three years on the desktop and five years for servers. The latest version of Ubuntu, 10.04 (Lucid Lynx), is such an LTS version, and was released on April 29, 2010.

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Ubuntu 10.10 final version released and available for download - Free PC Guides Tweet this news
Free PC Guides--After releasing -Ubuntu- 10.04 (Lucid Lynx) in April, making a major step towards making their OS a serious one, Canonical decided it was time to launch ... - Date : Sat, 23 Oct 2010 15:19:15 GMT+00:00
Ubuntu Makes Private Clouds a Breeze - EnterpriseNetworkingPlanet Tweet this news
EnterpriseNetworkingPlanet--The tools you use to accomplish this feat are all found on one simple platform: -Ubuntu- Enterprise Cloud (UEC), which is found on -Ubuntu- Server. ... - Date : Fri, 22 Oct 2010 23:40:09 GMT+00:00
Nightcaps: Quince pasta props, Ubuntu garden tours - San Francisco Chronicle Tweet this news
San Francisco Chronicle--Quince gets some national love for its lovable pasta, -Ubuntu- does garden tours and a special prix fixe, the early word on Bourbon Steak, a $300 French ... - Date : Fri, 22 Oct 2010 00:19:02 GMT+00:00

Remastering :
!free software non-free software
supported Main Restricted
unsupported Universe Multiverse

Availability of third-party software :
Version Code name Release date
4.10 Warty Warthog 2004-10-20
5.04 Hoary Hedgehog 2005-04-08
5.10 Breezy Badger 2005-10-13
6.06 LTS Dapper Drake 2006-06-01
6.10 Edgy Eft 2006-10-26
7.04 Feisty Fawn 2007-04-19
7.10 Gutsy Gibbon 2007-10-18
8.04 LTS Hardy Heron 2008-04-24
8.10 Intrepid Ibex 2008-10-30
9.04 Jaunty Jackalope 2009-04-23
9.10 Karmic Koala 2009-10-29
10.04 LTS Lucid Lynx 2010-04-29
10.10 Maverick Meerkat 2010-10-10

Availability of third-party software :
Server Desktop
Processor (x86) 300 MHz 1 GHz
Memory 128 MB 512 MB
Hard Drive (free space) 1 GB 5 GB
Monitor Resolution 640×480 1024×768

Operating system

History * Timeline * List * Comparison * Usage share * Development * Advocacy

Operating system

History * Timeline * List * Comparison * Usage share * Development * Advocacy
History * Timeline * List * Comparison * Usage share * Development * Advocacy
subgroup |Architectures |
GeneralMonolithic kernel * Microkernel
SubtypesExokernel * Nanokernel * Hybrid

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