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Tacheng

Administration
Full nameTacheng
Native nameچۆچەك
شاۋەشەك
塔城
Settlement typeCounty-level city
CountryChina
ProvinceXinjiang
PrefectureTacheng Prefecture
Geography
Total Area1546.7 sq mi (4007 km2)
Demography
Total Population160000 (2003)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)

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Tacheng ( ; Kazakh: شاۋەشەك / Шәуешек / Şәweşek) is a county-level city (1994 est. pop. 56,400) and the capital of Tacheng Prefecture, in northern Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang, China.

The city was sometimes called Tarbaghatay or Tarbagatai (Mongolian: 'having marmots') and was once known in European languages as Chuguchak (based on its name in Turkic languages).

It is located in the Dzungarian basin, some 10 km from the Kazakhstan border. Long a major center for trade with Central Asia, it is an agricultural hub. Its industries include food processing, textiles, and utilities.

The city suffered much destruction in 1865, during the fighting between the Qing forces and the Dungan and Uyghur rebels.


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