AskBiography Logo   Latest News  Follow Us on Twitter  Follow Us on Google Buzz  Became Fan - Facebook  Subscribe to RSSRSS   Bookmark and Share

Sweden

Sweden
General information
Common nameSweden
Local name 
Name 
Motto(Royal) " " 
"For Sweden With the Times"
Anthem  
Thou ancient, thou free
Royal anthem 
The Song of the King
CapitalStockholm
Largest citycapital
Official languagesSwedish 
Ethnic groups81.9% Swedes 
~5% Finns
~13% other (2009)
DemonymSwedish or Swedes
Government
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
MonarchKing Carl XVI Gustaf
Prime MinisterFredrik Reinfeldt (M)
Speaker of
the Riksdag
Per Westerberg (M)
LegislatureRiksdag
ConsolidationConsolidation
Geography
Total Area173745 sq mi (449999.6 km2) (57th)
Water %8.7
Demography
Population census9,354,462 (2009)
Density (pop.)20.6/km2 (192nd) (53.3/sq mi)
Economy
GDP PPP$337.893 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$36,502
GDP (nominal)$443.718 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$47,934
Other information
Gini23 (2005) (low)
HDI(+) 0.885 (2010) (very high) (9th)
CurrencySwedish krona (SEK)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
- Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Date formatsyyyy-mm-dd
Drives on theright 
Internet TLD.se 
Calling code46

     Home | Country | Sweden



Sweden (c-enaudio=en-us-Sweden.oggˈswiːdən ; -svˈsværjɛSv-Sverige, officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish: ), is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden borders with Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund.

At 450295 km2 (173859.9 sqmi), Sweden is the third largest country in the European Union by area, with a total population of about 9.4 million. Sweden has a low population density of 21 PD/km2 (8.1 PD/sqmi) with the population mostly concentrated to the southern half of the country. About 85% of the population live in urban areas. Sweden's capital is Stockholm, which is also the largest city.

Sweden emerged as an independent and unified country during the Middle Ages. In the 17th century, the country expanded its territories to form the Swedish Empire. The empire grew to be one of the great powers of Europe in the 17th and early 18th century. Most of the conquered territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were lost during the 18th and 19th centuries. The eastern half of Sweden, present-day Finland, was lost to Russia in 1809. The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Sweden by military means forced Norway into a personal union. Since then, Sweden has been at peace, adopting a non-aligned foreign policy in peacetime and neutrality in wartime.

Today, Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy of government and a highly developed economy. In 2010, it ranked fourth in the world in The Economists Democracy Index and ninth in the United Nations' Human Development Index. In 2010, the World Economic Forum ranked Sweden as the second most competitive country in the world, after Switzerland. Sweden has been a member of the European Union since 1 January 1995 and is a member of the OECD.


Warning: simplexml_load_file(http://gdata.youtube.com/feeds/api/videos/-/Sweden?orderby=viewCount&max-results=10) [function.simplexml-load-file]: failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.0 410 Gone in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 257

Warning: simplexml_load_file() [function.simplexml-load-file]: I/O warning : failed to load external entity "http://gdata.youtube.com/feeds/api/videos/-/Sweden?orderby=viewCount&max-results=10" in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 257

Fatal error: Call to a member function children() on a non-object in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 260