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General information
Common nameSweden
Local name 
Motto(Royal) " " 
"For Sweden � With the Times"
Thou ancient, thou free
Royal anthem 
The Song of the King
Largest citycapital
Official languagesSwedish 
Ethnic groups81.9% Swedes 
~5% Finns
~13% other (2009)
DemonymSwedish or Swedes
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
MonarchKing Carl XVI Gustaf
Prime MinisterFredrik Reinfeldt (M)
Speaker of
the Riksdag
Per Westerberg (M)
Total Area173745 sq mi (449999.6 km2) (57th)
Water %8.7
Population census9,354,462 (2009)
Density (pop.)20.6/km2 (192nd) (53.3/sq mi)
GDP PPP$337.893 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$36,502
GDP (nominal)$443.718 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$47,934
Other information
Gini23 (2005) (low)
HDI(+) 0.885 (2010) (very high) (9th)
CurrencySwedish krona (SEK)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
- Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Date formatsyyyy-mm-dd
Drives on theright 
Calling code46

     Home | Country | Sweden

Sweden (c-enaudio=en-us-Sweden.oggˈswiːdən ; -svˈsværjɛSv-Sverige, officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish: ), is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden borders with Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund.

At 450295 km2 (173859.9 sqmi), Sweden is the third largest country in the European Union by area, with a total population of about 9.4 million. Sweden has a low population density of 21 PD/km2 (8.1 PD/sqmi) with the population mostly concentrated to the southern half of the country. About 85% of the population live in urban areas. Sweden's capital is Stockholm, which is also the largest city.

Sweden emerged as an independent and unified country during the Middle Ages. In the 17th century, the country expanded its territories to form the Swedish Empire. The empire grew to be one of the great powers of Europe in the 17th and early 18th century. Most of the conquered territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were lost during the 18th and 19th centuries. The eastern half of Sweden, present-day Finland, was lost to Russia in 1809. The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Sweden by military means forced Norway into a personal union. Since then, Sweden has been at peace, adopting a non-aligned foreign policy in peacetime and neutrality in wartime.

Today, Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy of government and a highly developed economy. In 2010, it ranked fourth in the world in The Economists Democracy Index and ninth in the United Nations' Human Development Index. In 2010, the World Economic Forum ranked Sweden as the second most competitive country in the world, after Switzerland. Sweden has been a member of the European Union since 1 January 1995 and is a member of the OECD.

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