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Solomon Islands campaign

Solomon Islands campaign
Map of the Solomon Islands showing the Allied advance during 1943 and key air and naval bases.
Military Conflict
ConflictSolomon Islands campaign
DateJanuary 1942 � August 21, 1945
LocationBritish Solomon Islands/Territory of New Guinea, South Pacific
ResultDecisive Allied victory
United States
New Zealand
United Kingdom
Empire of Japan Empire of Japan
United States Chester Nimitz
United States Douglas MacArthur
United Kingdom William Sydney Marchant
United States Robert Ghormley
United States William Halsey, Jr.
United States Alexander Vandegrift
United States Alexander Patch
United States Frank Jack Fletcher
United States Richmond K. Turner
Australia Eric Feldt
United States Roy Geiger
United States Theodore S. Wilkinson
United States Oscar Griswold
Australia Stanley Savige
Empire of Japan Isoroku Yamamoto 
Empire of Japan Shigeyoshi Inoue
Empire of Japan Nishizo Tsukahara
Empire of Japan Jinichi Kusaka
Empire of Japan Gunichi Mikawa
Empire of Japan Raizo Tanaka
Empire of Japan Hitoshi Imamura
Empire of Japan Harukichi Hyakutake
Empire of Japan Minoru Sasaki
10,600 killed
40+ ships sunk,
800 aircraft destroyed
80,000 killed
50+ ships sunk,
1,500 aircraft destroyed

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The Solomon Islands campaign was a major campaign of the Pacific War of World War II. The campaign began with Japanese landings and occupation of several areas in the British Solomon Islands and Bougainville, in the Territory of New Guinea, during the first six months of 1942. The Japanese occupied these locations and began the construction of several naval and air bases with the goals of protecting the flank of the Japanese offensive in New Guinea, establishing a security barrier for the major Japanese base at Rabaul on New Britain, and providing bases for interdicting supply lines between the Allied powers of the United States and Australia and New Zealand.

The Allies, in order to defend their communication and supply lines in the South Pacific, supported a counteroffensive in New Guinea, isolated the Japanese base at Rabaul, and counterattacked the Japanese in the Solomons with landings on Guadalcanal (see Guadalcanal Campaign) and small neighboring islands on 8 August 1942. These landings initiated a series of combined-arms battles between the two adversaries, beginning with the Guadalcanal landing and continuing with several battles in the central and northern Solomons, on and around New Georgia Island, and Bougainville Island.

In a campaign of attrition fought on land, on sea, and in the air, the Allies wore the Japanese down, inflicting irreplaceable losses on Japanese military assets. The Allies retook some of the Solomon Islands (although resistance continued until the end of the war), and they also isolated and neutralized some Japanese positions, which were then bypassed. The Solomon Islands campaign then converged with the New Guinea campaign.

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