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Rolandas Paksas

Personal data
Date of birth10 June 1956(age 60)
Place of birthTelšiai, Lithuanian SSR (USSR)
Political partyOrder and Justice
Other partyDemocratic Labour Party (91 95)
Homeland Union (95 00)
Liberal Union (00 02)
SpouseLaima Paksienė
President of Lithuania
In officeFebruary 26, 2003 - April 6, 2004
Succeeded byArtūras Paulauskas
Preceded byValdas Adamkus
Prime Minister of Lithuania
In officeMay 18, 1999 - October 27, 1999
Succeeded byIrena Degutienė (acting)
Preceded byIrena Degutienė (acting)
In officeOctober 26, 2000 - June 20, 2001
Succeeded byEugenijus Gentvilas (acting)
Preceded byAndrius Kubilius

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Rolandas Paksas ( ; born 10 June 1956) is a Lithuanian politician and Member of the European Parliament. He has previously served as the country's President (2003 4), Prime Minister (1999 and 2000 1), and Mayor of Vilnius (1997 9 and 2000 1). He has led Order and Justice since 2004.

A national aerobatics champion in the 1980s, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Paksas founded a construction company, Restako. In 1997, he was elected to Vilnius City Council for the centre-right Homeland Union and became mayor. In May 1999, Paksas was appointed Prime Minister, but resigned five months later after a disagreement over privatisation. Paksas joined the Liberal Union of Lithuania (LLS) in 2000. The LLS won the 2000 election, and Paksas became PM again, but he left within seven months after another dispute over economic reforms.

In 2002, Paksas founded the Liberal Democratic Party, and ran for the presidency, winning the run-off against incumbent Valdas Adamkus in January 2003. It emerged that he had granted citizenship to a major campaign donor, leading to his impeachment and removal from office in April 2004. He is the only European head of state to have been impeached. Barred from the Seimas, Paksas was elected to the European Parliament in 2009, while leading his party, now called Order and Justice (TT), and seeking to overturn the ban.

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