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Pierre, South Dakota

Pierre, South Dakota
Full namePierre, South Dakota
Official namePierre, South Dakota
Settlement typeCity
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Dakota
MayorLaurie Gill
Total Area13.0 sq mi (33.7 km2)
Land Area13.0 sq mi (33.7 km2)
Water Area0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation1453 ft (442.9 m)
Total Population13646 (2010)
Density (pop.)405.2/km2 (1049.7/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneCentral (UTC-6)
- Summer (DST)Central (UTC-5)
ZIP code57501
Area code605
FIPS code46-49600 
GNIS feature ID1266887 

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Pierre (c-eniconˈpɪər ) is the capital of the U.S. state of South Dakota and the county seat of Hughes County. The population was 13,646 at the 2010 census, making it the second least populous state capital after Montpelier, Vermont. Founded in 1880 on the Missouri River opposite Fort Pierre, Pierre has been South Dakota's capital since it gained statehood on November 11, 1889, having been chosen for its location in the geographic center of the state. Fort Pierre itself was named after Pierre Chouteau, Jr., an American fur trader of French Canadian origin.

Pierre is the principal city of the Pierre Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Hughes and Stanley counties.

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