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General information
Common nameMontenegro
Local nameЦрна Гора
Crna Gora
NameЦрна Гора
Crna Gora
AnthemOj, svijetla majska zoro
Montenegrin: Oj, svijetla majska zoro
(Montenegrin Cyrillic: Ој, свијетла мајска зоро)
"Oh, Bright Dawn of May"

Largest citycapital
Official languagesMontenegrin
Ethnic groups44.98% Montenegrins,
28.73% Serbs,
8.65% Bosniaks,
4.91% Albanians,
3.31% Muslims,
0.97% Croats, 8.45% others and unspecified (2011)
GovernmentParliamentary republic
PresidentFilip Vujanović
Prime MinisterIgor Lukšić
President of ParliamentRanko Krivokapić
First independence of Duklja from Byzantine Empire 854 
Second independence of Duklja from Byzantine Empire1042
Independence of Zeta from Serbian Empire 1360 (de jure)
1356 (de facto)
Independence from Serbia and Montenegro2006
Total Area5019 sq mi (12999.2 km2) (161st)
Water %1.5
Population census625266 (2011)
Density (pop.)44.6/km2 (121st) (115.6/sq mi)
GDP PPP$7.029 billion (2011)
GDP (PPP) per capita$11,228
GDP (nominal)$4.174 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$6,668
Other information
HDI0.769 (2010) (high) (49th)
CurrencyEuro (-)2 (EUR)
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
- Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on theright
Calling code382

     Home | Country | Montenegro

Montenegro (c-enaudio=en-us-Montenegro Montenegrin: Crna Gora Црна Гора -shtsr̩̂ːnaː gɔ̝̌raCrnaGora is a country located in Southeastern Europe. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the south-west and is bordered by Croatia to the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest, Serbia to the northeast and Albania to the southeast. Its capital and largest city is Podgorica, while Cetinje is designated as the Prijestonica (Пријестоница), meaning the former Royal Capital City.

In the 10th century, modern Montenegro was divided into three Slavic principalities: Duklja, roughly corresponding to the southern half, Travunia, the west, and Rascia, the north. In 1042, archon Stefan Vojislav led a revolt that resulted in independence of Duklja and the establishment of the House of Vojislavljević. Duklja reached its zenith under Vojislav's son, Mihailo (1046 81), and his son Bodin (1081 1101). By the 13th century, Zeta had replaced Duklja when referring to the realm, which at the time was part of the Serbian Grand Principality of the Nemanjić dynasty. With the fall of the Serbian Empire in the late 14th century, southern Montenegro came under the rule of the Balsic noble family, then the Crnojevic noble family, and by the 15th century, Zeta was more often referred to as Crna Gora (Venetian: ). A sovereign principality since the Late Middle Ages, Montenegro saw its independence from the Ottoman Empire formally recognized in 1878. From 1918, it was a part of Yugoslavia. On the basis of a referendum held on 21 May 2006, Montenegro declared independence on 3 June of that year.

Montenegro is classified by the World Bank as a middle-income country. Montenegro is a member of the UN, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Council of Europe, the Central European Free Trade Agreement and a founding member of the Union for the Mediterranean. Montenegro is also an official candidate for membership in the European Union and official candidate for membership in NATO.

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