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Malawi

Malawi
General information
Common nameMalawi
Local name 
Name 
MottoUnity and Freedom
Anthem  (Chichewa)
"Oh God Bless Our Land of Malawi"
CapitalLilongwe
Largest cityBlantyre
Official languagesEnglish, Chichewa
DemonymMalawian
Government
GovernmentMulti-party democracy
PresidentBingu wa Mutharika
Vice PresidentJoyce Banda
IndependenceIndependence
from the United KingdomJuly 6, 1964
Geography
Total Area45747 sq mi (118484.7 km2) (99th)
Water %20.6%
Demography
Population Est.14901000 (64)
Population census9,933,868 (1998)
Density (pop.)128.8/km2 (86th) (333.6/sq mi)
Economy
GDP PPP$12.980 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$827
GDP (nominal)$5.053 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$322
Other information
Gini38 (2008)
HDI(+) 0.493 (2008) (low) (160th)
CurrencyKwacha (D) (MWK)
Time zoneCAT (UTC+2)
- Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+2)
Drives on theleft
Internet TLD.mw
Calling code+265

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The Republic of Malawi (c-eniconməˈlɑːwi; Chichewa -nymalaβi ) is a landlocked country in southeast Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland. It is bordered by Zambia to the northwest, Tanzania to the northeast, and Mozambique on the east, south and west. The country is separated from Tanzania and Mozambique by Lake Malawi. Its size is over 118000 km2 (118000000000 m2) with an estimated population of more than 13,900,000. Its capital is Lilongwe, the second largest city is Blantyre and the third largest city is Mzuzu. The name Malawi comes from the Maravi, an old name of the Nyanja people that inhabit the area. The country is also nicknamed, "The Warm Heart of Africa".

The area of Africa now known as Malawi was colonized by migrating tribes of Bantu around the 10th century. In 1891 the area was colonized again, this time by the British. In 1953 Malawi, then known as Nyasaland, became part of the semi-independent Central African Federation (CAF). The Federation was dissolved in 1963 and in 1964, Nyasaland gained full independence and was renamed Malawi. Upon gaining independence it became a single-party state under the presidency of Hastings Banda, who remained president until 1994, when he was ousted from power. Bingu Mutharika, elected in 2004, is the current president. Malawi has a democratic, multi-party government. Malawi has a small military force that includes an army, a navy and an air wing. Malawi's foreign policy is pro-Western and includes positive diplomatic relations with most countries and participation in several international organizations.

Malawi is among the world's least developed countries. The economy is heavily based in agriculture, with a largely rural population. The Malawian government depends heavily on outside aid to meet development needs, although this need (and the aid offered) has decreased since 2000. The Malawian government faces challenges in building and expanding the economy, improving education, health care, environmental protection, and becoming financially independent. Malawi has several programs developed since 2005 that focus on these issues, and the country's outlook appears to be improving, with improvements in economic growth, education and healthcare seen in 2007 and 2008.

Malawi has a low life expectancy and high infant mortality. There is a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS, which is a drain on the labor force and government expenditures, and is expected to have a significant impact on gross domestic product (GDP) by 2010. There is a diverse population of native peoples, Asians and Europeans, with several languages spoken and an array of religious beliefs. Although there was tribal conflict in the past, by 2008 it had diminished considerably and the concept of a Malawian nationality had begun to form. Malawi has a culture combining native and colonial aspects, including sports, art, dance and music.

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Malawi government threatens pro-LGBT groups, activists over foreign aid ... - San Diego Gay & Lesbian News Tweet this news
San Diego Gay & Lesbian News--Threats to -Malawi's- foreign aid over its treatment of LGBT people are leading to attacks on civil society organisations. This week -Malawi's- Justice and Constitutional Affairs Minister Dr. George Chaponda sai - Date : Fri, 22 Apr 2011 15:31:00 GMT+00:00
China puts its mark on Malawi - Africa Review Tweet this news
Africa Review--Shanghai Construction Company workers outside -Malawi's- new five-star hotel in the capital Lilongwe. China's presence in the southern Africa nation has been growing steadily since the two countries established diplomatic ties in - Date : Fri, 22 Apr 2011 09:33:08 GMT+00:00
Malawi: Better farming, healthier children - Your Olive Branch Tweet this news
Your Olive Branch--By IRIN News Ten years ago Joyce Mhoni, head of the Nutrition Rehabilitation Unit at Ekwendeni Hospital in the Mzimba district of northern -Malawi-, would have been caring for up to 30 severely malnourished children at a time. ... - Date : Thu, 21 Apr 2011 17:10:06 GMT+00:00
Malawi officials talk trade, business in Miami-Dade - The South Florida Times Tweet this news
The South Florida Times--AP Business Video MIAMI A trade delegation from the African nation of -Malawi- recently visited Miami for talks with government and business leaders. Miami-Dade County Commission Vice Chairwoman Audrey M. Edmonson and members of - Date : Thu, 21 Apr 2011 14:34:17 GMT+00:00
“The Gateway”, Malawi's First Regional Shopping Mall - eProp.co.za Tweet this news
eProp.co.za--Work on the R340 million, 17 500m² “The Gateway” regional retail mall in Lilongwe, destined to be the largest facility of its kind in -Malawi-. Work on the R340 million, 17 500m² “The Gateway” regional retail mall in Lilongwe, desti - Date : Thu, 21 Apr 2011 15:22:24 GMT+00:00
Thousands Affected By Malawi Floods - Irish Weather Online Tweet this news
Irish Weather Online--Tens of thousands of people in the ladlocked African state of -Malawi- have been badly affected by flooding since the beginning of April after heavy rain caused a dyke to collapse along the North Rukuru River. ... - Date : Thu, 21 Apr 2011 08:58:20 GMT+00:00
Envoy rebuked 'for insulting president' - Evening Standard Tweet this news
Evening Standard--Britain's high commissioner to -Malawi- has been threatened with expulsion after he called the country's president "autocratic", "combative" and "intolerant of criticism". F - Date : Wed, 20 Apr 2011 23:01:54 GMT+00:00
Malawi: Vale and Nation Agree on New Railway - AllAfrica.com Tweet this news
AllAfrica.com--Maputo The -Malawian- government and the Brazilian mining company Vale on Monday signed a memorandum of understanding in the -Malawian- capital, Lilongwe, on the construction of a new railway across southern -Malawi-. The agreement was wi - Date : Wed, 20 Apr 2011 16:04:09 GMT+00:00
MHC loses K105m in house scam- report - Nyasa Times Tweet this news
Nyasa Times--By Nyasa Times The -Malawi- Housing Corporation has lost K105 million by selling houses to members of staff, cabinet ministers, ruling DPP officials and individuals in most cases less than half of the market values, according to a report by D - Date : Wed, 20 Apr 2011 11:42:49 GMT+00:00
Paladin's Malawi uranium mine Q1 output up 14 pct - Reuters Africa Tweet this news
Reuters Africa--AX: Quote) posted a 14 percent rise in output for the quarter to end-March at its mine in -Malawi-, despite fuel shortages that forced the mine to close in February. Paladin said uranium production during the quarter to March hit 606034 po - Date : Mon, 18 Apr 2011 11:10:51 GMT+00:00

Administrative divisions :

Countries and territories of Africa

West Africa Benin * Burkina Faso * Cape Verde * Côte d'Ivoire * The Gambia * Ghana * Guinea * Guinea-Bissau * Liberia * Mali * Mauritania * Niger * Nigeria * Senegal * Sierra Leone * Togo
North Africa Algeria * Egypt * Libya * Mauritania * Morocco * Sudan * Tunisia
Central Africa Angola * Burundi * Cameroon * Central African Republic * Chad * Democratic Republic of the Congo * Republic of the Congo * Equatorial Guinea * Gabon * Rwanda * São Tomé and Príncipe
East Africa Burundi * Comoros * Djibouti * Eritrea * Ethiopia * Kenya * Madagascar * Malawi * Mauritius * Mozambique * Seychelles * Somalia * Tanzania * Uganda * Zambia * Zimbabwe
Southern Africa Botswana * Lesotho * Namibia * South Africa * Swaziland
States with
limited recognition
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic * Somaliland
Partially in AfricaFrance (Réunion) * Italy (Pantelleria) * Portugal (Madeira) * Spain (Canary Islands / Ceuta / Melilla / Plazas de soberanía) * Yemen (Socotra)
DependenciesIles Eparses (France) * Mayotte (France) * Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom)
Disputed areasWestern Sahara

African Union (AU)

Algeria * Angola * Benin * Botswana * Burkina Faso * Burundi * Cameroon * Cape Verde * Central African Republic * Chad * Comoros * Democratic Republic of the Congo * Republic of the Congo * Côte d'Ivoire * Djibouti * Egypt * Eritrea * Ethiopia * Equatorial Guinea * Gabon * The Gambia * Ghana * Guinea * Guinea-Bissau * Kenya * Lesotho * Liberia * Libya * Madagascar * Malawi * Mali * Mauritania * Mauritius * Mozambique * Namibia * Niger * Nigeria * Rwanda * Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic * São Tomé and Príncipe * Senegal * Seychelles * Sierra Leone * Somalia * South Africa * Sudan * Swaziland * Tanzania * Togo * Tunisia * Uganda * Zambia * Zimbabwe |

Members of the Commonwealth of Nations

Sovereign states
Antigua and Barbuda * Australia * Bahamas * Bangladesh * Barbados * Belize * Botswana * Brunei * Cameroon * Canada * Cyprus * Dominica * Fiji (suspended) * The Gambia * Ghana * Grenada * Guyana * India * Jamaica * Kenya * Kiribati * Lesotho * Malawi * Malaysia * Maldives * Malta * Mauritius * Mozambique * Namibia * Nauru * New Zealand * Nigeria * Pakistan * Papua New Guinea * Rwanda * St. Kitts and Nevis * St. Lucia * St. Vincent and the Grenadines * Samoa * Seychelles * Sierra Leone * Singapore * Solomon Islands * South Africa * Sri Lanka * Swaziland * Tanzania * Tonga * Trinidad and Tobago * Tuvalu * Uganda * United Kingdom * Vanuatu * Zambia
Dependencies
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands * Australian Antarctic Territory * Christmas Island * Cocos (Keeling) Islands * Coral Sea Islands * Heard Island and McDonald Islands * Norfolk Island

Niger-Congo-speaking nations

Kordofanian



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