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Western European Union

Western European Union
Conventional Long NameWestern European Union
Union de l'Europe occidentale
Common NameWEU
StatusInternational organisation
Status TextDefensive alliance
EraCold War
Event StartTreaty of Brussels
Event EndTermination
S1European Union
Flag S1Flag of Europe.svg
FlagFlag of the Western European Union
Image FlagWestern European Union Flag.svg
Image Map CaptionMembersAssociate membersObserversAssociate partners
Event StartLondon and Paris Accords
Year Start1954
Date Start21 October
Event EndAbolition
Year End2011
Date End30 June
Event1Treaty of Lisbon
Date Event11 December 2009
Event PreTreaty of Brussels
Date Pre17 March 1948
TodayEuropean Union

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The Western European Union (WEU; French: Union de l'Europe occidentale, UEO) was an international organisation tasked with implementing the Modified Treaty of Brussels (1954), an amended version of the original 1948 Treaty of Brussels. The WEU was established by seven Western European nations during the Cold War.

Since the end of the Cold War, WEU tasks and institutions have been transferred to the Common Security and Defence Policy which is being framed for the geographically larger and more comprehensive European Union. This process was completed in 2009, when a solidarity clause between the member states of the European Union which was similar (but not identical) to the WEU's mutual defense clause, entered into force with the Treaty of Lisbon. The states party to the Modified Treaty of Brussels consequently decided to terminate that treaty on 31 March 2010, with all the remaining WEU's activities to be ceased within 15 months. On 30 June 2011 the WEU was officially declared defunct.

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