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General information
Common nameKenya
Local nameJamhuri ya Kenya
NameJamhuri ya Kenya
Motto"Harambee" (Swahili)
"Let us all pull together"
AnthemEe Mungu Nguvu Yetu
"O God of All Creation"
Largest cityNairobi
Official languagesSwahili, English
GovernmentSemi-presidential Republic
PresidentMwai Kibaki
Prime MinisterRaila Odinga
Vice PresidentKalonzo Musyoka
National Assembly SpeakerKenneth Marende
from the United Kingdom12 December 1963
Republic declared12 December 1964
Total Area224080 sq mi (580367.2 km2) (47th)
Water %2.3
Population Est.41,070,934 (33rd)
Population census38610097 (2009)
Density (pop.)67.2/km2 (140th) (174.1/sq mi)
GDP PPP$66.032 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$1,661
GDP (nominal)$32.163 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$809
Other information
Gini42.5 (2008) (medium) (48th)
HDI(+) 0.470 (2010) (medium) (131st)
CurrencyKenyan shilling (KES)
Time zoneEAT (UTC+3)
- Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+3)
Date formatsdd/mm/yy(AD)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+254

     Home | Country | Kenya

Kenya (c-eniconˈkɛnjə or c-enˈkiːnjə), officially known as the Republic of Kenya, is a country in East Africa that lies on the equator, with the Indian Ocean to its south-east. It is bordered by Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the north-west, Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east.

Kenya has a land area of 580,000 km2 and a population of nearly 41 million, representing 42 different peoples and cultures. The country is named after Mount Kenya, a significant landmark and second among Africa's highest mountain peaks.

Following a referendum and adoption of a new constitution in August 2010, Kenya is now divided into 47 counties that are semi-autonomous units of governance. These units are expected to be fully implemented by August 2012 in time for the first general election under the new constitution. The counties will be governed by elected governors and will operate independent of the central government in Nairobi.

The country's geography is as diverse as its multi-ethnic population. It has a warm and humid climate along its coastline on the Indian Ocean which changes to wildlife-rich savannah grasslands moving inland towards the capital Nairobi. Nairobi has a cool climate that gets colder as one moves towards Mount Kenya which has three permanently snow-capped peaks. The warm and humid tropical climate is found further inland toward lake Victoria, before giving way to forested and mountainous areas in the western region. The North Eastern regions along the border with Somalia and Ethiopia are arid and semi-arid areas with near-desert landscapes. The country also has volcanic springs that put a significant amount of electricity in the national grid.

Kenya's capital city, Nairobi, is situated next to a national park. It is famous for its safaris and diverse world-famous wildlife reserves such as Tsavo National Park, the Maasai Mara, Nakuru National Park, and Aberdares National Park that attract tourists from all over the world.

Lake Victoria, the world's second largest fresh-water lake (after Lake Superior in the US and Canada) and the world's largest tropical lake, is situated to the southwest and is shared with Uganda and Tanzania.

As part of East Africa, Kenya has seen human habitation since the Lower Paleolithic period. The Bantu expansion reached the area by the first millennium AD, and the borders of the modern state comprise the crossroads of the Bantu, the Nilo-Saharan, and the Afro-Asiatic linguistic areas of Africa, making Kenya a truly multi-ethnic state. European and Arab presence in Mombasa dates to the Early Modern period, but European exploration of the interior began only in the 19th century. The British Empire established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, known from 1920 as the Kenya Colony. The independent Republic of Kenya was founded in December 1963.

The capital, Nairobi, is a regional commercial hub. The economy of Kenya is the largest by GDP in East and Central Africa. Agriculture is a major employer and the country traditionally exports tea and coffee, and more recently fresh flowers to Europe. The service industry is a major economic driver, mostly the telecommunications sector, and contributes 62 percent of GDP.

Kenya is a member of the East African Community and produces world-class athletes such as world champions Paul Tergat and David Rudisha.

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