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Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic

Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic
Native NameКазахская Советская Социалистическая Республика
Қазақ Советтік Социалистік Республикасы
Common NameKazakh SSR
Conventional Long NameKazakh Soviet Socialist Republic
Year Start1936
Year End1991
P1Kazakh Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
Flag P1Flag of Russian SFSR.svg
Flag S1Flag of Kazakhstan.svg
Image FlagFlag of Kazakh SSR.svg
Image CoatCoat of arms of Kazakh SSR.png
Government TypeSoviet Socialist Republic
CapitalAlma-Ata (today Almaty)
Common LanguagesNone (Kazakh and Russian)
Time-zone+ 4 to + 6
National AnthemAnthem of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic
MedalsOrder of Lenin

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The Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic ( , Qazaq Sovettik Socïalïstik Respwblïkası; , Kazakhskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika), also known as the Kazakh SSR for short, was one of republics that made up the Soviet Union.

At 2,717,300 square kilometres (1,063,200 square miles) in area, it was the second largest constituent republic in the USSR, after the Russian SFSR. Its capital was Alma-Ata (today known as Almaty). Today it is the independent state of Kazakhstan in Central Asia. During its existence it was led by the Communist Party of the Kazakh SSR.

The country is named after the Kazakh people, Turkic-speaking former nomads who sustained a powerful khanate in the region before Russian and then Soviet domination. The Soviet Union's spaceport, now known as the Baikonur Cosmodrome was located in this republic at Tyuratam, and the secret town of Baikonur was constructed to accommodate its personnel.

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